95年司法特考三等檢察事務官財經實務組考題
類  科: 檢察事務官財經實務組
科  目: 法學知識與英文(包括中華民國憲法、法學緒論、英文)
年  度: 95
全卷點數: 0 點  下載考題(免費)
點閱次數: 1318
銷售明細: 10
1 依據憲法第 8 條對於人身自由規定之意旨,下列敘述何者正確?
(A)現行犯之逮捕依據行政院所發布之命令為之
(B)經由地方法院之同意,軍事檢察官也可以起訴一般人民
(C)人民因犯罪嫌疑被逮捕,拘禁機關至遲於 24 小時內移送該管檢察署審問,此 24 小時不包括交通在途或 移送所需時間
(D)人民因犯罪嫌疑被逮捕,本人或他人亦得聲請該管法院於 24 小時內向逮捕之機關提審
2 下列何者違反憲法平等權規定?
(A)有正當理由,得採取差別對待
(B)對弱勢者,應給予優惠對待
(C)扶助弱勢者,不應過度
(D)各種社會福利給付,禁止有差別待遇
3 下列何者屬於受益權?
(A)訴願權
(B)自己決定權
(C)參政權
(D)宗教自由
4 人民選擇職業之自由,係受憲法何種基本權利之保障?
(A)言論自由
(B)人身自由
(C)訴願權
(D)工作權
5 全民健保卡若含有被保險人個人健康資訊,涉及何種基本權利?
(A)言論自由
(B)隱私權
(C)人身自由
(D)生存權
6 關於我國國家賠償之方法,下列敘述何者正確?
(A)以回復原狀為原則,金錢賠償為例外
(B)以金錢賠償為原則,回復原狀為例外
(C)由賠償義務機關決定
(D)國家賠償與民事賠償之方法相同
7 在選舉制度上,我國憲法引進了「政黨比例代表制」,同時亦引進了「門檻條款」,此一門檻定為多少?
(A)3%
(B)4%
(C)5%
(D)6%
8 有關緊急命令,下列敘述何者錯誤?
(A)總統為避免國家或人民遭遇緊急危難,經行政院會議之決議得發布緊急命令
(B)總統發布緊急命令,須於發布命令後 20 日內提交立法院追認
(C)如立法院不同意總統之緊急命令時,該緊急命令立即失效
(D)緊急命令以不得再授權為補充規定即可逕予執行為原則
9 下列何者並非法律生效要件之一?
(A)立法院三讀通過
(B)總統依法公布
(C)行政院院長副署
(D)司法院大法官解釋
10 依憲法增修條文之規定,國家對於僑居國外國民之下列何種權利,應予保障?
(A)政治參與
(B)教育文化
(C)醫療衛生
(D)經濟土地
11 依憲法增修條文之規定,立法院對下列事項,何者須記名表決?
(A)對考試委員之同意案
(B)對總統、副總統之彈劾案
(C)對行政院院長之不信任案
(D)對大法官、監察委員之同意案
12 下列有關考試院之敘述,何者正確?
(A)考試院正、副院長之人選由總統提名,監察院同意之
(B)考試院會議為「首長制」
(C)考試委員名額為十九名,任期六年
(D)考試委員之任命為政治任命,故須依立法院中各政黨立法委員席次比例任命之
13 監察院對中央或地方公務人員及司法、考試兩院人員之彈劾案,須經何種程序始得提出?
(A)須經監察委員一人以上之提議,九人以上之審查及決定
(B)須經監察委員二人以上之提議,九人以上之審查及決定
(C)須經監察委員三人以上之提議,九人以上之審查及決定
(D)須經監察委員四人以上之提議,九人以上之審查及決定
14 依司法院大法官釋字第 499 號解釋之見解,我國憲法中具有本質重要性而為規範秩序存立之基礎者為何?
(A)中華民國國旗
(B)中華民國領土
(C)國民主權原則
(D)總統任期
15 依地方制度法第 33 條規定,直轄市議會議員、縣(市)議會議員、鄉(鎮、市)民代表會代表之任期為何?
(A)二年
(B)三年
(C)四年
(D)五年
16 甲向乙借錢並以其土地設定抵押權給乙後,甲又將該土地賣給丙。那麼,丙何時取得土地的所有權?
(A)甲丙土地買賣契約成立時
(B)丙付清價金時
(C)辦理土地所有權移轉登記後
(D)丙根本無法取得土地的所有權
17 甲離去住所,音訊全無,生死不明,甲的太太可利用那種制度,以結束甲在住所的法律關係?
(A)禁治產宣告
(B)死亡宣告
(C)失蹤宣告
(D)無權利能力宣告
18 下列何種情形成立行政契約?
(A)行政機關與公務員間關於公務員任命之事項
(B)徵兵機關與役男間關於兵役體位之判定
(C)警察與人民間關於取締未戴安全帽之事項
(D)健保局與醫事服務機構間關於提供醫療保健服務之事項
19 公共設施穿越私有土地上空或地下,應給予相當代價,此項代價係屬何者?
(A)政府德政
(B)國家賠償
(C)民事賠償
(D)行政補償
20 甲男現年十八歲未婚在學,其為下列何種行為時,無須經其法定代理人同意,即可生效?
(A)購買汽車一部,價金一百萬元
(B)搭乘公車上學
(C)將所有電腦一部贈與乙
(D)訂購預售屋
21 關於法律與藝術的關係,下列敘述何者為錯誤?
(A)憲法保障藝術創作的自由
(B)拍攝電影的自由也受到憲法的保障
(C)著作權法也保障藝術創作者的權利
(D)藝術創作沒有財產利益
22 依行政罰法之規定,一行為同時觸犯刑事法律及違反行政法上義務者,應如何處罰?
(A)應僅課予行政制裁
(B)應僅依刑事法律處罰
(C)應依刑事法律處罰,但仍得裁處罰鍰
(D)應依刑事法律處罰,但仍得裁處其他種類行政罰
23 以權利之作用為標準,則下列何者不是形成權?
(A)撤銷權
(B)解除權
(C)請求權
(D)繼承權之拋棄
24 關於法律之「時的效力」之敘述,下列何者正確?
(A)立法機關制定溯及既往之法律時,應兼顧既得權的保障
(B)法律不溯既往原則僅適用於刑事法律
(C)新法優於舊法的原則並無例外
(D)法律定有施行期限者,期滿仍應經立法院通過廢止案,始喪失效力
25 下列關於「我國大法官在民主法制變遷發展中曾經做出的解釋」的敘述,何者錯誤?
(A)大法官曾經針對大學法強制各大學設置軍訓室,認為其違反大學自治而做出違憲解釋
(B)大法官曾經針對中央民意代表應全面改選做出解釋
(C)大法官曾經針對檢肅流氓條例限制人民身體自由逾越必要程度做出違憲解釋
(D)大法官曾經針對刑法上通姦罪的條文做出違憲解釋
26 下列何者對我國民法的立法影響最深?
(A)法國民法
(B)德國民法
(C)美國民法
(D)英國民法
27 法律依其內在目的及規範計畫,對於特定問題,應有所規定,但因立法者之疏忽,卻未規定。此在法學方法論上通常被稱為何?
(A)法律錯誤
(B)法律漏洞
(C)法律競合
(D)欠缺意思表示
28 下列何者不是中央法規標準法第 2 條所稱之法律?
(A)貪污治罪條例
(B)公寓大廈管理條例
(C)兩性工作平等法
(D)證券交易法施行細則
29 法律適用過程中,將具體的案例事實,置於特定法律要件之中,以獲得一定之結論。此稱為:
(A)準用
(B)外延
(C)涵攝
(D)舉例
30 針對交通警察所開罰單(例如違規停車)有所不服,依道路交通管理處罰條例,應提起:
(A)訴願
(B)向地方法院聲明異議
(C)逕提行政訴訟
(D)請願
31 All the major news magazines feature the same story of Diana’s self-made success on ___ covers.
(A)his
(B)her
(C)its
(D)their
32 What gives away Aunt Hilda’s age ___ the wrinkles on her fingers.
(A)is
(B)does
(C)takes
(D)has
33 The fundamental ___ of sane environmentalism is combating ecological change that directly threatens the health and safety of people in an environment, such as stopping ozone depletion and the greenhouse effect.
(A)core
(B)maze
(C)axiom
(D)menace
34 Some young people are crazy about designers’ clothes. However, they turn to counterfeit products because they cannot afford to buy ___ ones.
(A)authentic
(B)practical
(C)realistic
(D)surreal
35 Normally we expect the achievement to be ___ effort. Unfortunately, that is not always the case.
(A)contributing to
(B)eliciting to
(C)original to
(D)proportional to
36 The jewelry museum exhibited the largest diamond in the world. Many visitors stared at it with ___ .
(A)fascination
(B)ordeal
(C)ambition
(D)disgrace
37 A performance review is conducted on every newcomer of this company once their six-month ___ comes to an end. If their performance proves impressive, they can be promoted to regular employees.
(A)delegation
(B)institution
(C)probation
(D)supervision
38 I would have bought my wife a piece of jewelry for our anniversary, ___ the money.
(A)had I had
(B)when I had
(C)should I have
(D)if I would have
39 Men imprisoned in a cave see on a wall in front of them the shadows or images of objects that are really caused by a fire behind them, and they hear echoes, not real voices.
(A)People see only their shadows, or the shadows of one another.
(B)The prisoners are unable to perceive the real objects and the real voices.
(C)The prisoners mistakenly think that the shadows and the echoes are real.
(D)In the world people easily take illusion or unreal things as real.
40 Let us never negotiate out of fear, but let us never fear to negotiate.
(A)Terror can be destructive when we are bargaining for our own benefit, but terror can also be productive when we have reached an agreement.
(B)We should not expect to get rid of our fear by talking with others, but we should expect ourselves to be free from fear after we have reached an agreement with others.
(C)Panic is not a good reason for us to reach an agreement, but panic is the reason that we should never put ourselves in a negotiating situation.
(D)We should not try to reach an agreement just because we are afraid, but we should have the courage to confer with others in order to come to terms.
41 The advantage of Web-based communication is propinquity without neighborship. That is to say, for the first time, we are able as species to establish social alliances that are not limited to our physical neighborhoods, which have generally been segregated by caste, class, ethnic, racial or religious identity, or socioeconomic circumstances.
(A)The Web-based communication has transcended our concept of neighborhood through establishing social alliances.
(B)Our social alliances have been established through Web-based communication without sociocultural segregation.
(C)The advantage of Web-based communication does not limit our ethnic, racial and religious identity.
(D)The segregation of socioeconomic circumstances does not establish a Web-based communication.
People have worried about smog for many years, and the government has spent billions of dollars to try to clean up the air of big cities. But now we find that there is no escape from _42_ . Recent studies have shown that air inside many homes, office buildings, and schools _43_ pollutants: chemicals, mold, bacteria, smoke, and gases. These pollutants are causing a group of unpleasant and dangerous _44_ that experts call “sick-building syndrome.” First discovered in 1982, sick-building syndrome often includes signs similar to the flu ( _45_ eyes, headaches, and so on) and respiratory infection such as tonsillitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Although most common in office building and schools, the indoor pollution that causes sick-building syndrome can also occur in houses. Imagine a typical home. The people who live there burn oil, wood, or gas for cooking and heating.
42
(A)dirty water
(B)alcoholic drink
(C)contaminated food
(D)unhealthful air
43
(A)is full of
(B)is short of
(C)has little
(D)has occupied
44
(A)signals
(B)superstitions
(C)signatures
(D)symptoms
45
(A)water
(B)watered
(C)watering
(D)water-proof
Sabah, a state on Malaysia’s island Borneo, is a charming, authentic place to witness the natural beauty of our world. The tranquil environment is a perfect venue to hold conferences and incentive meetings. With direct flights via Kuala Lumpur, Brunei, Taipei, Kaohsiung, Hong Kong, Tokyo and Seoul, this desirable destination becomes accessible. Statistics provided by the Sabah tourism office indicate that arrivals from Taiwan rank second overall at 78,675 behind Indonesia’s 290,147 in 2004, a 58.9 percent growth from 2003. “Prices, accommodation, and flight frequency are the paramount factors for any successful tourist economy,” said Paul Voon, the director of the Sabah tourism board.
46 This article aims to ___.
(A)offer geographical details of Sabah
(B)promote tourism in Sabah
(C)update the current condition in Sabah
(D)compete with Indonesia for Asian travelers
47 The environment of Sabah is suitable for ___.
(A)travel and business
(B)medical treatment
(C)education
(D)agriculture
48 Which is NOT the reason for the popularity of Sabah?
(A)Low prices
(B)Comfortable accommodation
(C)Exciting outdoor activities
(D)Frequent direct flights
49 Who makes the largest group of tourists in Sabah?
(A)Indonesians
(B)Japanese
(C)Taiwanese
(D)Koreans
50 Statistics indicate that the number of Taiwanese tourists to Sabah is ___.
(A)slowly increasing
(B)dramatically dropping
(C)noticeably rising
(D)gradually declining

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