96年司法特考三等監獄官考題
類  科: 監獄官
科  目: 法學知識與英文(包括中華民國憲法、法學緒論、英文)
年  度: 96
全卷點數: 0 點  下載考題(免費)
點閱次數: 2091
銷售明細: 24
1 依憲法第 108 條之規定,教育制度係屬下列何種事項?
(A)中央立法且應由中央執行之事項
(B)中央立法並執行或交由省縣執行之事項
(C)中央立法且應交由省縣執行之事項
(D)僅得由中央立法且須交由省縣執行之事項
2 依憲法增修條文規定,國家對婦女應如何特別保護?
(A)維護婦女之人格尊嚴,保障婦女之人身安全
(B)加強兩性教育,提昇婦女自由
(C)修法強化女性的自立與發展
(D)推動婦女健康保險,維護婦女身心健康
3 有關秘密通訊保障的敘述,下列何者正確?
(A)內容有保密價值者,應一律予以保障
(B)涉及犯罪行為者之通訊得任意監聽之
(C)通訊內容秘密應予以保障,但通訊對象、時間等除外
(D)通訊相關資料,應禁止國家積極探知,其已取得者,亦不得加以利用
4 下列何者不屬於憲法保障宗教自由之意旨?
(A)國家應扶助各宗教
(B)國家對宗教應保持中立
(C)國家對各宗教應一律平等對待
(D)國家應對各宗教保持寬容
5 下列何者不是近代立憲主義保障言論等表現自由的意義?
(A)促進資訊交流,以達成個人自我實現
(B)落實國民主權之民主政治,提供大眾判斷公共議題之基礎
(C)促進知識體系循環,人類社會之進步
(D)促進經濟繁榮,活絡資訊產業
6 依據憲法第 23 條之規定,足以作為限制人民自由權利的理由,並不包含下列那一種原因?
(A)為了防止妨礙他人自由
(B)為了維持社會秩序
(C)為了鞏固國家權力
(D)為了增進公共利益
7 委辦規則之名稱,依地方制度法規定,準用下列何者之規定?
(A)自治規則
(B)行政規則
(C)法律
(D)自治條例
8 有關選舉、罷免訴訟之選舉法庭的審理,下列何者錯誤?
(A)採合議制方式審理
(B)判決確定,得提起再審
(C)應先於其他訴訟審判之
(D)審判審級,採二審終結
9 依憲法規定,公務員受彈劾後,均應送由司法院公務員懲戒委員會審理,但不及於下列何者?
(A)總統、副總統
(B)行政院院長
(C)法官
(D)監察委員
10 下列何者不是總統之職權?
(A)公布法律之權
(B)副署行政院院長發布命令之權
(C)任命文武官員之權
(D)發布緊急命令權
11 現行民主憲政國家之政府體制有總統制、內閣制與雙首長制,以下何項不是內閣制之特徵?
(A)內閣總理由國會選出,內閣之存立是基於國會之信任
(B)閣員得由國會議員兼任
(C)行政機關不可提出法律案,但是對於國會所制定之法律,若認為無法執行或執行上有困難時,得行使否決權
(D)國會可對內閣提出不信任案,總理亦可以解散國會重新選舉爭取民意支持
12 憲法規定由司法院大法官審理有關政黨違憲之解散事項,此一制度係取範於:
(A)德國
(B)美國
(C)法國
(D)英國
13 公務員的懲戒事宜,由那一機關掌理?
(A)行政院人事行政局
(B)司法院公務員懲戒委員會
(C)各機關考績委員會
(D)公務人員保障暨培訓委員會
14 考試權究其實質,也屬於:
(A)立法權
(B)監察權
(C)司法權
(D)行政權
15 依憲法增修條文之規定,覆議案如經全體立法委員二分之一以上決議維持原案,行政院院長應如何?
(A)向國民大會提出辭職
(B)向總統提出辭職
(C)接受該決議
(D)解散立法院
16 「智者詐偽,強者凌弱,老幼孤寡,不得其所」,描述的是什麼?
(A)道德決定一切的社會
(B)宗教決定一切的社會
(C)實力決定一切的社會
(D)法律決定一切的社會
17 下列何者,原則上不直接對外發生法規範上的效力?
(A)法規命令
(B)行政規則
(C)法律
(D)自治條例
18 在我國現行法秩序中,劃分公、私法的實益,並不包含下列何者?
(A)影響實體法律規定的適用
(B)影響程序法律規定的適用
(C)影響訴訟管道的劃分
(D)人民之公法上的法律地位必然優於其在私法上的法律地位
19 M(法律要件),有 P(法律效果)。S 與 M 類似,故 S 亦有 P。這裡運用了何種推論?
(A)文義解釋
(B)體系解釋
(C)類推適用
(D)歷史解釋
20 民國 94 年 2 月 5 日總統令公布的「性騷擾防治法」,其附則規定「本法自公布後一年施行」。請問該法從 那一天開始生效?
(A)民國 95 年 2 月 4 日
(B)民國 95 年 2 月 5 日
(C)民國 95 年 2 月 6 日
(D)民國 95 年 2 月 7 日
21 下列何者有法律案的提案權?
(A)總統
(B)內政部
(C)國家安全局
(D)立法院黨團
22 關於判例之變更,下列敘述何者正確?
(A)不能變更
(B)由司法院院長召集變更判例會議決定可變更之
(C)由最高法院召開民事庭會議、刑事庭會議或民、刑事庭總會決議變更後,報請司法院備查
(D)僅能由司法院大法官會議變更之
23 民法第 154 條第 2 項規定「貨物標定賣價陳列者,視為要約。」此處所稱之「視為」可否以證據推翻之?
(A)可以
(B)不可以
(C)視情況而定
(D)由法官決定
24 甲向乙購買貨物一批,帳單上記載的金額為:新台幣伍萬陸仟捌佰柒拾(65870) 元整,如法院無法決定當事人的原意時,甲應支付乙多少錢?
(A)65870 元
(B)65078 元
(C)56870 元
(D)56078 元
25 刑法規定,「行為之處罰,以行為時之法律有明文規定者為限」。此即下述何種原則的表現?
(A)一事不二罰原則
(B)罪刑法定原則
(C)不告不理原則
(D)比例原則
26 民法諸原則中,最能顯現法律與道德相關聯者,係下列那一項?
(A)契約自由原則
(B)損害填補原則
(C)誠信原則
(D)無過失責任原則
27 我國刑法有關保安處分之規定,不包括下列何者?
(A)感化教育處分
(B)假釋
(C)監護處分
(D)強制治療處分
28 中華民國人民在中華民國領域外犯下面那一種罪,不適用中華民國刑法?
(A)行使偽造公文書罪
(B)普通傷害罪
(C)公務員縱放人犯罪
(D)濫權追訴罪
29 甲乙相互約定甲在乙的土地上有地上權,請問甲何時取得地上權?
(A)地上權約定成立時
(B)地上權設定契約書完成時
(C)辦理登記後
(D)甲付清地租後
30 下列何者非屬著作人格權?
(A)著作人就其著作享有公開發表之權
(B)著作人於著作上有表示姓名之權
(C)著作人有禁止他人以歪曲之方法改變其著作內容之權
(D)著作人享有重製權
31 The driver was asked to show his car registration at a police ___ .
(A)officer
(B)checkpoint
(C)sidewalk
(D)stop
32 When she came in from the rainstorm, Mary looked as if she ___ a shower with her clothes on.
(A)was taken
(B)takes
(C)has taken
(D)had taken
33 Since I intend to stay here for one year only, it is a waste of money to purchase any furniture. So a ___ apartment is an ideal option for me.
(A)furnished
(B)modified
(C)pendulous
(D)spacious
34 Some people worried that an increased use of iris-scanning at ATM machines would ___ to a dangerous loss of privacy.
(A)give
(B)lead
(C)tend
(D)rise
35 The monks were called up to indoctrinate the people, ___ on the ultimate goals of life but on the political aims of the new government.
(A)more than
(B)as much as
(C)not so much
(D)on the one hand
36 My director Frank is beloved of people in every walk of life. There are few but think him companionable.
(A)Frank loves every kind of people.
(B)People of all professions love Frank.
(C)Frank loves people on our street and likes to keep company with them.
(D)Few people in the job market really love Frank; they just regard him as a colleague not a real friend.
37 Dr. Wu is an intelligent, conscientious, and inspiring teacher; ___ , she is interested in her students.
(A)however
(B)otherwise
(C)moreover
(D)instead
38 The division of the world into heroes and villains is a habit he regards with suspicion.
(A)He doubts the division of the world into heroes and villains.
(B)He hates the division of the world into heroes and villains.
(C)He favors the division of the world into heroes and villains.
(D)He proposes the division of the world into heroes and villains.
39 The chances are good that you will win the tournament.
(A)It is definite that you will win the tournament.
(B)It is unlikely that you will win the tournament.
(C)It is quite probable that you will win the tournament.
(D)It is unclear whether you will win the tournament or not.
40 A:“Do you need a ride?”
B:“Thanks, but Mike ___ home.”
(A)gives a ride
(B)is giving me a ride
(C)give a ride to me
(D)rides me
Studies have reported that women are more likely to use standard, prestige linguistic forms than are men of the same social class. One account for this phenomenon is the so-called “linguistic insecurity.” The explanation claims that women _41_ the prestigious and more standardized language of the social classes immediately above their own in order to become more prestigious and powerful themselves. This account was _42_ advanced as a way of explaining not only women’s usage patterns but also the usage patterns in these same studies of the lower middle class, which “hypercorrected” its language, emulating linguistic features of the middle class in order to gain social prestige. In this way the language of men was linked to a working-class orientation seeking _43_ prestige and local affiliation, while the language of women, reaching upward across sociolinguistic class strata, was held to reflect their social and linguistic insecurity. One problem with this account is that it takes our social stereotypes and reifies them into scientific explanation. We might easily understand the situation as working in the opposite direction, with local, vernacular _44_ to sound like “one of the guys” as a kind of linguistic insecurity. This account is therefore unsatisfactory because it tries to forge a simple link between language use and gender across a wide variety of situations, while _45_ the possibility that other social factors, such as ethnic identity and workplace interactions, might play a crucial role.
41
(A)investigate
(B)intensify
(C)interpret
(D)imitate
42
(A)initially
(B)aggressively
(C)tremendously
(D)simultaneously
43
(A)political
(B)gender
(C)covert
(D)sociable
44
(A)solidarity
(B)community
(C)sociability
(D)conventionality
45
(A)accepting
(B)exploring
(C)ignoring
(D)unveiling
Sometime around the seventh grade, many American students are introduced to the tale of 10 blind men inspecting an elephant. When each blind man reaches different conclusions about the creature, the students are invited to consider whether truth is absolute or lies in the eye of the beholder. College professors and administrators might want to remember that fable when they take the measure of American higher education. Many of them, who tend to see only what they stand to lose, perceive the beast as wounded, suffering from the shocks of rising costs, dwindling resources and life-draining cutbacks. But foreigners, who compare America’s universities with their own, often reach very different conclusions about the nature of the beast. If sheer numbers provide any proof, America’s universities and colleges are the envy of the world. For all their abiding troubles, the United States’ 3,500 institutions were flooded with 407,530 students from 193 different countries last year. Asia led the way with 39,600 students from China and 36,610 from Japan, followed by India and Canada. Many of the foreigners entered graduate and undergraduate programs in roughly equal numbers….
Most European and Asian universities provide an elite service to a small and privileged clientele. While fully 60% of all U.S. high school graduates attend college at some point in their life, just 30% of the comparable German population, 28% of the French, 20% of the British and 37% of the Japanese proceed beyond high school. German students who survive the Abitur or Britons who pass their A levels may still not qualify for a top university at home, but find American universities far more welcoming. Some U.S. schools acknowledge the rigor of European secondary training and will give up to a year’s credit to foreigners who have passed their high school exams.
46 What do American college professors and administrators believe about American universities?
(A)American universities are better than foreign universities.
(B)There is a financial crisis in American universities.
(C)American universities are well-equipped.
(D)The students in American universities are not as good as those in foreign universities.
47 “Asia led the way with 39,600 students from China and 36,610 from Japan, followed by India and Canada.” This statement means ___.
(A)Asian students arrived first
(B)Chinese students were in front of Japanese students
(C)more students came from Asia than from anywhere else
(D)Indian students followed Japanese students
48 The phrase “at some point in their life” in the third paragraph means that most U.S. high school graduates ___.
(A)enter college at the same age
(B)enter college before they get married
(C)enter college at different times
(D)seldom enter college
49 According to this passage, which of the following statements is true?
(A)More U.S. high school graduates go to college than their European counterparts.
(B)More foreign students enter undergraduate schools than graduate schools.
(C)Most foreign students in American universities come from Canada.
(D)Secondary training in the U.S. is more difficult than that in Europe.
50 Why does the author begin the passage with the fable of the elephant?
(A)The author thinks it is meaningless to define an elephant.
(B)The author wants to emphasize that a blind man can never know what an elephant is like.
(C)The author is especially interested in elephants.
(D)The author wants to demonstrate that it is not easy to see the whole truth.

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