96年司法特考四等法院書記官考題
類  科: 法院書記官
科  目: 法學知識與英文(包括中華民國憲法、法學緒論、英文)
年  度: 96
全卷點數: 0 點  下載考題(免費)
點閱次數: 5199
銷售明細: 233
1 下列關於憲法增修條文對教育、科學、文化經費之規定,何者為正確?
(A)有一定之預算比例的保障規定
(B)尤其是國民教育之經費,應優先編列
(C)在中央不得少於預算總額百分之十五
(D)在市縣不得少於預算總額百分之三十五
2 憲法第 1 條稱「中華民國…為民有、民治、民享之民主共和國。」其中「民有、民治、民享」係美國那一位總統提出之一句名言?
(A)華盛頓
(B)大羅斯福
(C)杜魯門
(D)林肯
3 憲法增修條文對於婦女地位特予規定,但下述何者並非其規定內容?
(A)維護婦女之人格尊嚴
(B)保護婦女之人身安全
(C)提供其就業輔導
(D)消除性別歧視
4 依憲法增修條文之規定,下列何者有權提案變更我國領土?
(A)我國自由地區選舉人
(B)總統府
(C)行政院
(D)立法院
5 依憲法本文之規定,解釋憲法的機關為:
(A)立法院
(B)司法院
(C)行政院
(D)國民大會
6 下列有關憲法所規定之平等原則的敘述,何者正確?
(A)完全禁止作差別對待
(B)禁止對本國人與外國人作差別對待
(C)禁止無正當理由之差別對待
(D)禁止地方自治團體訂定自治法規對不同行政區域內之人民作差別對待
7 依憲法第 144 條規定,公用事業及其他有獨占性之企業,應以何種方式經營為原則?
(A)民營
(B)公營
(C)公辦民營
(D)國家與人民共同經營
8 依憲法本文規定,非經司法或警察機關依「法定程序」,不得逮捕、拘禁。下列何項法律屬於此種「法定 程序」之規定?
(A)行政訴訟法
(B)行政程序法
(C)刑事訴訟法
(D)民事訴訟法
9 下列何項不是司法院大法官對於「契約自由」之看法?
(A)契約自由為實現自我發展之重要機制
(B)契約自由為私法自治之基礎
(C)屬憲法第 22 條所保障其他自由權利之一種
(D)國家雖基於維護公益之必要,亦不得予以限制
10 透過司法院大法官的解釋,公務人員的基本權利亦受保障;下列各項說明中,何者並不正確?
(A)公務人員之公法上財產請求權受侵害時,應有司法救濟管道
(B)公務人員受免職處分,最終應許其請求司法救濟
(C)對公務人員之記小過處分,不許其以訴訟請求救濟是違憲
(D)人事主管機關降低原擬任官等之處分,應許公務人員請求司法救濟
11 下列何者非憲法本文及增修條文中總統之職權?
(A)行使大赦、特赦等赦免權
(B)提出法律案
(C)授與榮典
(D)統率陸海空軍
12 憲法有關基本權利的規定主要是用來對抗來自於何者的不法侵害?
(A)外國政府
(B)個人
(C)國家
(D)企業
13 依司法院大法官釋字第 342 號解釋,立法程序若有明顯重大瑕疵者,釋憲機關得宣告所立之法無效。請問下列何者屬釋憲機關可自行認定之明顯重大瑕疵?
(A)議事錄未定
(B)須經立法院調查後,才可確認有無議決通過
(C)未送交相關委員會審查
(D)立法委員出席人數,依議事錄顯示,未達法定人數
14 依憲法本文規定,法官為終身職,但可因下列何種理由而遭免職?
(A)被提起糾正
(B)受禁治產宣告
(C)所為判決被上級法院撤銷
(D)受民事處分
15 依憲法規定,審計權是屬於那一個機關的職權?
(A)行政院主計處
(B)財政部國庫署
(C)監察院
(D)財政部
16 A 股份有限公司章程所定之資本總額為二千萬元,公司之實收資本為一千萬元,今為求多角化經營以分散風險,公司董事會決議以五百萬元投資成立 B 有限公司。則下列敘述,何者正確?
(A)依公司法規定公司不得進行轉投資行為,以保障股東與債權人之權益
(B)A 公司之轉投資金額僅占公司章程所定資本總額的四分之一,對於股東影響較小,故董事會決議即可,無須經股東會同意以求時效
(C)A 公司之轉投資金額已占公司實收資本的二分之一,對於股東影響甚大,故除公司章程另有規定外,應經股東會之特別決議始得進行之
(D)以上皆非
17 下列何種情形可能侵害著作權?
(A)買到一本名作家小說之人未經作者同意將該書賣給同班同學
(B)小說出租店老闆未經著作權人同意將買來的音樂光碟出租他人
(C)購買正版軟體之人未經著作權人同意為備份之需重製一份
(D)未經著作權人同意從國外帶回原版 CD 一片
18 依據物權法定原則,下列敘述何者正確?
(A)當事人得創設物權種類
(B)當事人得創設物權之權利內容
(C)當事人得對物權賦加一定條件
(D)當事人須依法適用一定種類的物權
19 下列有關刑法第 131 條公務員圖利罪之敘述,何者不正確?
(A)本罪為結果犯
(B)本罪之主觀構成要件為直接故意或間接故意
(C)圖國庫利益之行為,不成立本罪
(D)本罪不處罰未遂犯
20 依中央法規標準法之規定,法律生效日期有三種,下列何者不包括在內?
(A)法律公布當日生效
(B)法律規定特定施行日期
(C)法律授權以行政命令規定施行日期
(D)法律自公布日施行者,自公布日之日起算第三日起發生效力
21 甲夫乙妻育有一子丙年方五歲,其後因甲乙個性不合協議離婚,則對於丙權利義務之行使或負擔之決定方式,下列敘述何者錯誤?
(A)依甲、乙之協議
(B)甲、乙未協議時原則由甲任之
(C)法院得依職權酌定甲或乙任之
(D)法院得選定甲、乙以外之人任之
22 下列有關司法獨立之敘述,何者錯誤?
(A)憲法第 80 條有關司法權獨立之規定,係屬制度保障
(B)憲法有法官為終身職之保障規定,旨在藉法官之身分保障,以維護審判獨立
(C)司法院所為司法行政監督措施,若未影響法官身分權益,亦不影響審判獨立,即非法之所禁
(D)司法院以行政命令使法官免兼庭長,係屬違憲行為
23 荀子曰:「人生而有欲,欲而不得,則不能無求,求而無度量,則不能不爭,爭則亂。」其在說明,法律的主要功能,在於下列何者?
(A)興利除弊
(B)定分止爭
(C)促進福利國家
(D)促進世界大同
24 依司法院大法官解釋,有關憲法所保障的言論自由,下列敘述何者錯誤?
(A)國家應予最大限度的維護
(B)言論自由權具有實現自我、溝通意見、追求真理及監督政治等功能
(C)刑法對誹謗罪的規定,侵犯人民的言論自由權
(D)記者從事新聞報導時,只要有相當理由確信其所報導係真實者,即不能繩之以誹謗罪責
25 下列有關刑法總則之適用範圍的說明,何者正確?
(A)僅限於刑法
(B)亦適用於民事法規
(C)亦適用於刑事訴訟法
(D)適用於刑法且亦適用於其他法令有刑罰規定者
26 由立法制定過程之資料去探求立法者的立法旨意,來解釋法律。這種解釋的方法,稱為何種解釋?
(A)文義性解釋
(B)歷史性解釋
(C)系統性解釋
(D)論理解釋
27 下列關於憲法所定,因特殊身分免受相關法律拘束之敘述,何者仍屬現行有效之憲法?
(A)總統除犯內亂或外患罪外,非經罷免或解職,不受刑事上之訴究
(B)國民大會代表除現行犯外,在會期中,非經國民大會許可,不得逮捕拘禁
(C)國民大會代表在會議時所為之言論及表決,對會外不負責任
(D)立法委員除現行犯外,非經立法院許可,不得逮捕或拘禁
28 以下那一個法律業經廢除:
(A)地方制度法
(B)省縣自治法
(C)廣播電視法
(D)檢肅流氓條例
29 普通法與特別法的關係,下列敘述何者錯誤?
(A)特別法優於普通法
(B)普通法補充特別法
(C)特別法只適用於特定的人、事、時、地
(D)土地法是平均地權條例的特別法
30 關於國際法之敘述,下列何者不正確?
(A)係規範國家與國家間關係之法律
(B)由立法機關依照法定程序所制定
(C)除了條約之外,大部分只有原理原則,未整理成具體之法典
(D)國際法之當事人原則上為國家
31 The place was ___ . There was no room to move around.
(A)packed
(B)decorated
(C)closed
(D)empty
32 Born in 1976, Patrick Henry ___ by his father, who was a strong believer of home schooling.
(A)had taught
(B)to be taught
(C)was taught
(D)taught
33 At the far end of the bridge ___ a village with only five hundred inhabitants.
(A)has
(B)is
(C)which
(D)where
34 ___ , we’ll go hiking tomorrow.
(A)Weather permitting
(B)If permitting the weather
(C)If the weather permitted
(D)If the weather will be permitted
35 Lydia: You are such a wonderful cook. I can never resist the chocolate pie you make.
Staci: ___ I’m glad you like it.
(A)It’s not my business.
(B)Whatever you say.
(C)What’s wrong with the pie?
(D)It’s nice of you to say so.
36 Mr. Smith: Are you lost?
Miss Lin: ___ I can’t find Room 105.
Mr. Smith: Oh! The even numbers are on this side, so you should look over there.
(A)I’m glad to.
(B)I’m all thumbs.
(C)I’m afraid so.
(D)I’m certainly not.
37 Sara: I’d like to have this film developed. ___
Clerk: About four hours.
Sara: Fine. Then I’ll pick it up around two.
(A)How much does it cost?
(B)How often does this happen?
(C)What time does your store close?
(D)How long does it take?
38 A: What brings you here?
B: Oh, I just thought I’d ___ to say hi.
A: Well, that’s nice of you.
(A)drop by
(B)drop off
(C)get along
(D)get over
39 Lack of experience ___ John ___ from finding a good job.
(A)ended...up
(B)broke...up
(C)gave...away
(D)held...back
40 Janet’s marriage has been arranged by her parents. She is marrying a man ___ .
(A)that she hardly knows him
(B)she hardly knows
(C)whom she hardly knows him
(D)she hardly knows him
With the increase in global trade, international companies cannot afford to make costly advertising mistakes if they want to be competitive and profitable. Understanding the language and culture of target markets in foreign countries is one of the keys to successful international marketing. Too many companies, _41_ , have jumped into foreign markets with embarrassing results. Translation _42_ are at the heart of many blunders in international advertising. Since a language is more than the sum of its words, a _43_ , word-by-word dictionary translation seldom works. The following examples prove this point.
Otis Engineering Company once displayed a poster at a trade show in Moscow that turned heads. _44_ a poor translation of its message, the sign boasted that the firm’s equipment was great for improving a person’s sex life.
Even a company with an excellent international track record like Kentucky Fried Chicken is not _45_ to the perils of faulty translation. A lot of sales were lost when the catch phrase “finger lickin’ good” became “eat your finger off” in the Chinese translation.
41
(A)furthermore
(B)however
(C)otherwise
(D)therefore
42
(A)mistakes
(B)merits
(C)entries
(D)policies
43
(A)literate
(B)legendary
(C)literary
(D)literal
44
(A)In order to
(B)As opposed to
(C)Due to
(D)In addition to
45
(A)accustomed
(B)devoted
(C)immune
(D)indifferent
“Since we are going to work together, how about joining me for dinner so we can get better acquainted?” Paul suggested as they left the studio. Jennifer accepted with giddy pleasure, and he took her to one of the fashionable restaurants where you had to be somebody to get a table. Paul’s fame was the kind that got them instantly escorted to a private corner booth. For three hours they talked back and forth over trendy food that she barely noticed. She asked questions to draw him out, since she had never met an actor who didn’t love talking about himself. He turned the tables by asking about the movie script and had been genuinely interested in her answers. He had the deeply flattering ability to give a woman total attention, as if nothing in the world was more important than her.
Soon they were trading stories about the ups and downs of their careers. She said that she almost got herself killed riding a motorcycle for Biker Babes from Hell, while he hilariously explained the difficulties of acting alone to a blank wall that would later acquire a monster created from special effects.
46 Paul and Jennifer are ___ .
(A)actors
(B)designers
(C)private escorts
(D)studio workers
47 Which of the following words best describes Jennifer’s reaction when she accepted the invitation?
(A)Threatened.
(B)Thrilled.
(C)Frightened.
(D)Exhausted.
48 It is possible that Jennifer thinks that all actors are ___ .
(A)self-centered
(B)self-sacrificing
(C)generous
(D)genuine
49 Biker Babes from Hell is most probably ___ .
(A)an action movie
(B)a scary film
(C)a romance story
(D)a historical play
50 The episode takes place in a ___ .
(A)restaurant
(B)studio
(C)street corner
(D)food stand

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