95年司法特考四等執達員考題
類  科: 執達員
科  目: 法學知識與英文(包括中華民國憲法、法學緒論、英文)
年  度: 95
全卷點數: 0 點  下載考題(免費)
點閱次數: 1402
銷售明細: 18
1 世界上之成文憲法乃起源自何國憲法?
(A)德國威瑪憲法
(B)英國憲法
(C)美國憲法
(D)中華民國憲法
2 在我國地方自治團體之自治權包括:
(A)司法權
(B)考試權
(C)立法權
(D)監察權
3 依據司法院大法官釋字第 576 號解釋,契約自由在憲法上的地位為何?
(A)屬憲法第 22 條所保障其他自由權利之一種
(B)只受民法的保障,不受憲法之保障
(C)必須透過憲法對人民財產權保障的規定,才具憲法上之地位
(D)屬於憲法第 8 條人身自由的保障範圍
4 關於司法院大法官釋字第 445 號解釋,下列何者為非?
(A)集會自由權與憲法第 11 條之言論自由權等,皆屬表現自由之範疇
(B)國家應提供適當場所,並保護集會遊行之安全,使其順利進行
(C)集會遊行法關於遊行之目的及內容之規定,完全屬於立法自由形成之內容
(D)以法律限制集會遊行之權利,須符合明確性原則與憲法第 23 條之要求
5 我國總統之當選係以:
(A)得票最多者即為當選
(B)得票須過半數才能當選
(C)得票超過三分之二才能當選
(D)得票超過四分之三才能當選
6 依憲法第 60 條之規定,行政院應於會計年度結束後 4 個月內,提出決算於:
(A)立法院
(B)行政院主計處
(C)考試院
(D)監察院
7 依司法院大法官釋字第 30 號解釋,判斷「立法委員可否兼任官吏以外的其他任何職務」之標準為何?
(A)兼任之職務是否為有給職
(B)兼任之職務與立法委員職務是否相容
(C)兼任之職務是否為黨職
(D)兼任之職務是否須常居住於國外
8 監察院審計部審計長由總統提名後,須經下列那一個機關同意後方得任命?
(A)行政院
(B)立法院
(C)監察院
(D)司法院
9 憲法增修條文明定省、縣地方制度,以法律定之。此法律為:
(A)行政區劃法
(B)財政收支劃分法
(C)地方制度法
(D)都市計畫法
10 下列何者非我國司法院大法官之職權?
(A)法令之違憲審查
(B)統一解釋法令
(C)政黨違憲審查
(D)選舉爭議之審理
11 依憲法增修條文之規定,除民國 92 年總統提名者外,司法院大法官之任期如何?
(A)任期八年,得連任一次
(B)任期八年,不得連任
(C)任期六年,不得連任
(D)任期六年,得連任一次
12 依憲法增修條文之規定,監察院不再具有下列何種權力?
(A)對中央、地方公務人員之彈劾權
(B)審計權
(C)糾舉權
(D)正、副總統之彈劾權
13 倘若國際恐怖組織將以我國為攻擊對象,依憲法增修條文規定,總統得如何依據憲法行使職權?
(A)經行政院會議之決議後,發布緊急命令,為必要之處置
(B)召集總統府秘書長緊急會商,發布緊急命令,為必要之處置
(C)聽取國家安全會議與國家安全局之報告後,發布緊急命令,為必要之處置
(D)發起防禦性公民投票,以凝聚全民力量,共同保衛家園
14 關於領土變更案,依憲法增修條文規定,由下列何機關提出?
(A)行政院
(B)國民大會
(C)司法院大法官
(D)立法院
15 關於外國人及無國籍人是否亦得享受人權保障,係屬於基本權之何種問題?
(A)主體範圍問題
(B)方法運用問題
(C)過程篩選問題
(D)差別待遇問題
16 當事人以將來確定事實之到來,決定法律行為效力的發生或消滅的附款,是為:
(A)條件
(B)期限
(C)負擔
(D)期日
17 下列何者為不動產?
(A)屋頂尚未完全完工的房屋
(B)未定著於土地之樣品屋
(C)機器人
(D)與土地分離之果樹
18 因公有公共設施瑕疵所成立之國家賠償責任,依國家賠償法之規定係採何種主義?
(A)國家無過失責任主義
(B)國家代位責任主義
(C)國家過失責任主義
(D)國家無責任主義
19 下列何者屬於行政制裁?
(A)拘役
(B)罰金
(C)罰鍰
(D)褫奪公權
20 下列何者非屬立法院之職權?
(A)提出預算案
(B)提出總統副總統彈劾案
(C)人事同意權
(D)通過法律案
21 關於行政罰之一事不二罰原則,下列敘述何者正確?
(A)在台北往高雄的高速公路上被測速照相器拍到超速多次,僅能罰一次
(B)機車騎士未戴安全帽並紅燈右轉,從一重處罰
(C)未開統一發票且因此漏報銷售額逃稅,從一重處罰
(D)未申請營業登記與逃漏稅,從一重處罰
22 探求法律規範的目的,據此以解釋法條的方法,稱為:
(A)文義解釋
(B)歷史解釋
(C)體系解釋
(D)目的論解釋
23 中央法規標準法第 6 條規定:「應以法律規定之事項,不得以命令定之。」此一規定在學說上係指何種原則之應用?
(A)憲法保留原則
(B)法律保留原則
(C)命令保留原則
(D)規定保留原則
24 「新法優於舊法」原則是屬於法律的何種效力?
(A)人之效力
(B)事之效力
(C)時之效力
(D)地之效力
25 法律與其他規範,如風俗習慣、倫理道德或宗教等,最大之差異在於:
(A)法律是人類生活規範
(B)法律為維繫和平之規範
(C)法律為具強制力之規範
(D)法律為實現自由之規範
26 司法院大法官解釋認為,下列何種事項係屬違憲審查範圍?
(A)重大政治問題
(B)議會自律
(C)法院判決之見解
(D)法律有無違反比例原則
27 下列何者不屬於智慧財產權?
(A)商標權
(B)專利權
(C)營業秘密
(D)肖像權
28 我國司法院大法官釋字第 603 號解釋認為,全民指紋建檔的法令違憲,理由是它侵犯人民那一種基本權利?
(A)言論自由權
(B)資訊隱私權
(C)財產權
(D)人身自由權
29 禁止他人製造、販賣或使用其發明之權利,是為:
(A)商標權
(B)專利權
(C)著作權
(D)專用權
30 下列對於類推適用的說明,何者錯誤?
(A)類推適用主要係民法法律漏洞的補充方法之一
(B)類推適用即是反面解釋
(C)類推適用原則上不適用於刑法
(D)類推適用可以運用在民事法領域
31 Webber’s musical Cats caused such a ___ in Taiwan that all the tickets were sold out in one week.
(A)sensation
(B)disaster
(C)sentiment
(D)panic
32 ___ , the boy would have been drowned.
(A)If the firefighter didn’t arrive in time
(B)If the firefighters do not arrive in time
(C)If the firefighters were never to arrive in time
(D)If the firefighters hadn’t arrived in time
33 The man was arrested because he was found ___ illegal drugs.
(A)immune to
(B)sensitive to
(C)in possession of
(D)on behalf of
34 I didn’t sleep well last night because ___ outside my window was getting on my nerves.
(A)the cats to scream
(B)the cats’ screaming
(C)screaming cats
(D)the cats screaming
35 In the distance are two buildings, one of ___ looks very majestic.
(A)them
(B)that
(C)where
(D)which
36 Andrea: I really have to thank you for sharing with me your wonderful ideas.
Christine: ___ I quite enjoyed it. I love to share with people.
Andrea: You are such a nice, generous person.
(A)Don’t mention it.
(B)You should have thanked me for that.
(C)Enough is enough.
(D)You can say that again.
37 Jack: Ouch! This tooth is really bugging me.
Alice: Maybe you have a cavity. You’d better see a dentist.
Jack: No, going to the dentist really unnerves me. I try to avoid it like the plague.
Alice: ___ It can’t be that bad!
(A)Me, too. We are really a pair.
(B)You bet, but a headache is more serious.
(C)Come on. Don’t be a chicken.
(D)I can’t believe it! You are such a fool!
38 Perry: Let’s eat out, shall we?
Debra: I’m broke. I’ve run out of cash.
Perry: Don’t worry about it. ___
Debra: You’re so generous!
(A)It’s my treat.
(B)We’ll split the bill.
(C)Use your credit card.
(D)Let’s go Dutch!
39 Paul: Hey, listen to this. The average American family watches six hours of TV a day.
Jim: Six hours a day? ___
Paul: No, I’m not. It says so right here in this magazine. Hmm, I guess you’re an average American, Jim. When I come over to your place, you always have your TV on.
(A)Are you serious?
(B)And you?
(C)That’s too much.
(D)You’re kidding.
40 Classmate 1: I think Samuel will get my vote for class president. He is responsible and easy to get along with.
Classmate 2: ___ He is friendly and willing to help people.
Classmate 1: So Samuel will get your vote, too.
Classmate 2: You can read my mind.
(A)It depends.
(B)Who knows?
(C)I can’t agree with you more.
(D)I don’t think so.
Although many countries around the world have banned whale hunting, these gentle sea mammals are still at _41_ . Whales are still being hunted, and more than 10,000 have been killed since 1986. Some are hunted for “scientific” purposes; others are killed by “pirates.” _42_ whales have very low rates of reproduction, marine biologists believe that some of these _43_ may never recover from the damage that whale hunting has caused.
_44_ hunting, there are many other threats to whales. The fishing industry reduces their food supply, and the nets used by the fishermen are a major source of harm. When whales get _45_ in the nets, they cannot surface to breathe, so they drown. Water pollution is another threat, and unnatural noises can interfere with a whale’s ability to navigate.
41
(A)risk
(B)chance
(C)threat
(D)danger
42
(A)When
(B)Because
(C)Although
(D)While
43
(A)genes
(B)kinds
(C)species
(D)classes
44
(A)Except for
(B)In addition to
(C)In proportion to
(D)Regardless of
45
(A)puzzled
(B)neglected
(C)excited
(D)trapped
The number of U.S. citizens over the age of 65 who live alone is expected to rise 21 percent over the next ten years, to more than 12 million. The nation’s rapidly aging population has led to the development of a host of new business.
Two-thirds of the children of the elderly in the United States today have jobs and most do not live near their aging parents. Geriatric care business have sprung up to fill the gap, offering transportation, medical assistance, meals and emotional support. "Our name is Parent Services," the brochure for one company reads, "We will be there for your parents when you cannot be." In addition, new technologies are being created to enable old Americans to receive care in their own homes. Tel-Assure, a St. Louis, Missouri computer telephone service, employs a software program to check on its elderly customers twice daily. "Good morning, Phyllis. This is Tel-Assure call. If you are okay, press one on your telephone keypads, if you need assistance of someone in your caring circle, press two." If Phyllis, the elderly woman receiving that message, does not press the button to confirm she is all right, Tel-Assure calls her again ten minutes later. If there is still no response, the service alerts her family or friends. The voice on the computer tape belongs to Tel-Assure founder, Janet Carver, who says she addresses subscribers by their first name to make the service more personal. "We also have their birth date, so on the day of their birthday, the system knows that and wishes them a happy birthday. They look forward to the call. We had one person say ‘I feel as if I had someone in the room with me, even though I know there isn’t.’"
Analysts say the burgeoning new geriatric industry demonstrates that when a need arises, a business will rise to fulfill that need.
46 Where is this article likely to appear?
(A)In travel brochures.
(B)In cook books.
(C)In business magazines.
(D)In TV guides.
47 Most Americans do not live with their elderly parents because ___.
(A)their parents prefer to live alone
(B)most of their workplaces are not close enough to their parents’ homes
(C)they have their own children to look after
(D)they don’t like their parents
48 Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a service by Geriatric care businesses?
(A)Meals
(B)Medical assistance
(C)Transportation
(D)Laundry
49 If no one presses the button to confirm he is all right, the first step Tel-Assure will take is to ___.
(A)send someone to check if everything is OK
(B)send a medical-rescue team to his home
(C)call him again ten minutes later
(D)alert his family or friends at once
50 On the computer tape Janet Carver addresses her subscribers by their first name because ___.
(A)this is more personal and intimate
(B)the elderly may sometimes forget their last names
(C)this allows the speakers to identify the elderly clients more easily
(D)this is more accurate and direct

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