法學期刊
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論著名稱: 禁止營業誹謗之研究(Study on Prohibitions Against Damaging a Business Reputation)
編著譯者: 張麗卿
出版日期: 2006.04
刊登出處: 台灣/公平交易季刊第 14 卷 第 2 期 /1-38 頁
頁  數: 29 點閱次數: 1260
下載點數: 116 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 張麗卿
關 鍵 詞: 公平競爭名譽誹謗競合
中文摘要: 商場如戰場,事業存在激烈的競爭。為了打倒競爭對手無所不用其極,陳述或散布損害他人營業名譽之不實消息,以達到打倒對手之目的,為常見之手段。此種行為有害交易秩序,妨害正常之公平競爭,故公平交易法明文禁止營業誹謗。此外,為了保護個人的社會聲望,刑法也不許誹謗攻擊他人。因為一個誹謗行為可能侵害競爭對手的信譽,也同時侵害競爭對手的負責人;此種想像競合現象只論以一罪,即依照公平交易法第22條處罰。本文先分析各國相關規定及我國公平交易法第 22 條之規範內容,再說明刑法「誹謗罪」的相關規定,並澄清公平交易法與刑法間之法律競合關係。
英文關鍵詞: fair competitionreputationdefamationkonkurrenz
英文摘要: Competition in the field of business can be as fierce as that in war; not surprisingly then that tostrike their business opponents down by damaging their business reputation, some competitors often go to the extreme in every measure, such as by making or disseminating false statements. In light of the damage caused by such actions to business transactions, by formal decree, the Fair Trade Law of Taiwan prohibits any such kind of action. This essay first reviews the regulations concerning business defamation that exist in individual countries, and through case studies, it also explores the legislative purpose, statutory components, and the legal sanctions of the Fair Trade Law, Article 22.
Equally important, in Taiwan, as in other countries, in order to protect the social reputation of a person, defamation is treated as a criminal offense. Because these actions not only damage the credibility of business opponents, but also work to undermine the credibility of the person in charge of a targeted enterprise, the Fair Trade Law, Article 22 imposes penalties for business defamation. In addition to discussing the contents of relevant regulations in some selected countries as well as the contents of the Fair Trade Law, Article 22, this essay explores the defamation regulations in the Criminal Law of Taiwan, thus shedding light on the relationship between the Fair Trade Law and Criminal Law.
目  次: 一、前言
二、禁止營業誹謗之立法例
(一)美國
(二)日本
(三)德國
(四)小結
三、公平法營業誹謗之禁止
(一)須為競爭之目的
(二)損害事業名譽之行為
(三)誹謗商品、服務或營業主管
(四)足以損害他人營業之信譽
(五)法律效果
四、刑法之誹謗罪
(一)誹謗罪
(二)妨害信用罪
(三)阻卻不罰之事由
五、比較公平法營業誹謗罪與刑法誹謗罪
(一)行為主體不同
(二)主觀目的不同
(三)誹謗內容不同
(四)法益保護不同
六、公平法營業誹謗罪與刑法誹謗罪之競合
(一)法條競合與想像競合不同
(二)公平法與刑法形成想像競合
七、個案評析
(一)最佳女主角瘦身美容(台北地方法院 88 年度自字第 642 號判決)
(二)皇冠租書比較表(板橋地方法院 92 年度自字第 234 號判決)
(三)大黑松小倆口牛軋糖(台北地方法院 93 年度自字第 15 號判決)
(四)倒店貨的音響喇叭(台北地方法院 88 年度易字第 2893 號判決)
(五)綜合評釋
八、結語
相關法條:
相關判解:
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