法學期刊.
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論著名稱: 公平交易法第 24 條之法理分析與實務運用 (The Legal Analysis and the Pratical Applications on Article 24 of the Fair Trade Law)
編著譯者: 張麗卿
出版日期: 2007.10
刊登出處: 台灣/公平交易季刊第 15 卷 第 4 期 /45-94 頁
頁  數: 39 點閱次數: 1232
下載點數: 156 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 張麗卿
關 鍵 詞: 欺罔顯失公平限制競爭不公平競爭榨取濫用市場地位
中文摘要: 公平交易法所禁止之「不公平競爭」類型,除公平法第 18 條至第 23 條所規定之具體類型外,另有第 24 條之概括規定,此種立法體例,主要為避免立法缺漏,故授權執行機關針對個案加以裁量。
由於「欺罔或顯失公平而足以妨礙競爭秩序」,為不確定法律概念,在實務上經常引發疑慮。本文主要針對第 24 條概括處分條款之相關問題加以論述。首先,從第24 條的相關立法例,掌握本條規定之法律性質後,再論述本條之適用關係及構成要件的內涵,用以輔助說明本條在公平會實務操作的具體情形。最後,引用公平交易委員會對於第 24 條的解釋,舉實例作為理解上的輔助,用以肯定本條在維護競爭秩序與保護消費者所不可或缺的地位。
從公平交易委員會所累積的處理經驗觀察,所謂「欺罔」,係對於交易相對人,以積極欺瞞或消極隱匿重要交易資訊致引人錯誤,從事交易之行為;所謂「顯失公平」,係指以明顯有違公平之方法從事競爭或商業交易之行為。本文的結論是,雖然經濟交易的型態不斷翻新,概括條款也必然持續有新的挑戰,但只要充分掌握概括條款的精髓,衡平參與競爭之事業、及消費者權益,進而建立公平的競爭秩序,概括條款的解釋與運用應該都可以順理成章,不致於形成太大之爭端。
英文關鍵詞: deceptionobviously unfair conductcompetition restraintextractunfair competitionabuse of market power
英文摘要: The Fair Trade Law (FTL) stipulates that competing enterprises are generally prohibited from engaging in “unfair competition”. Under the FTL, the term “unfair competition” refers not only to those specific types of conduct mentioned in Articles 18 through 23 of the FTL, but also to the blanket clause - Article 24 of the FTL. The major function of the aforesaid legislative model is to grant the executing body the authority to make decisions on a case-by-case basis to avoid possible deficiencies in the legislation.
However, since “deceptive or obviously unfair conduct that is able to affect trading order” is an uncertain legal concept, its interpretation often gives rise to controversy in the implementation of Article 24 of the FTL. Consequently, the main point of this essay is to expound Article 24 of the FTL and the related issues. First of all, we will illustrate the characteristics of Article 24 by introducing the relevant legislative models. Furthermore, we will also explore the application and terms/conditions of Article 24 of the FTL by discussing the actual implementation of Article 24 by the Fair Trade Commission. Finally, by quoting the relevant Fair Trade Commission interpretations with respect to Article 24, we will acknowledge the significant status accorded to Article 24 in maintaining trading order, protecting consumers’ interests, and ensuring fair competition.
From the viewpoint of the accumulated implementation experience of the Fair Trade Commission, the so-called “deceptive conduct” means that anyone who has deliberately concealed or made a reckless nondisclosure of important information concerning transactions, thus causes the other party to act erroneously. The so-called “obviously unfair conduct” refers to the conduct of anyone who has engaged in competition or a business transaction in an obviously unfair manner. This essay concludes by stating that, although the patterns of business transactions are continuously being renewed, the aforesaid blanket clause shall also continue to apply in spite of the new challenges. However, once we can seize the content of the blanket clause, balance the interests of the competing enterprises and the consumers, and thus establish a fair competition order, the applications and the interpretation of Article 24 of the FTL shall be deemed to be useful.
目  次: 一、前言
二、第 24 條之相關立法例
三、第 24 條之法律適用關係
四、第 24 條之構成要件
五、第 24 條之實務操作
六、個案評析
七、結論
相關法條:
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