法學期刊
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論著名稱:
以資訊揭露作為環境保護規範手段之研究-以美國法為參考(The Development of Environmental Protection in Information Age: Using Information as a Regulatory Tool in U.S. and Its Perspective)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 宮文祥
出版日期: 2008.12
刊登出處: 台灣/法學新論第 5 期/53-85 頁
頁  數: 32 點閱次數: 1044
下載點數: 128 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 宮文祥
關 鍵 詞: 資訊揭露資訊規範環境保護有毒物質排放清單加州第六五號提案
中文摘要: 資訊,不論是在傳統的規範上、市場誘因的制度上,或是直接將資訊揭露作為規範的方式,都是相當關鍵的課題。然而由於對命令暨控制規範的反動;並在市場機制中,因著資訊不對等所造成的市場失靈,論者因而認為,資訊規範手段的採用,成就了所謂的第三代環境法的變革。
所謂的資訊揭露,目的在於藉由改善所提供之有關環境危害及風險之相關資訊,來促進對環境的維護。此規範並有著法律及經濟學上的論理依據。
環境規範必須重視對於彈性的需要,以及有能力回應此一需要亦不斷地改變。美國環境法對於資訊揭露之規範方式的執行經驗,值得我們參考。
英文關鍵詞: Information DisclosureInformation RegulationEnvironmental ProtectionToxic Release InventoryCalifornia's Proposition 65
英文摘要: Information issues are central to the challenge of environmental protection. The technological advances of the information age offer the opportunity to promote environmental protection more data-driven and analytically rigorous.
Therefore, people would like to use the alternative method, information regulation, to correct those defects of existing legal systems, including the traditional command-and- control and market-based incentive approaches, and also advance our ability to achieve environmental protection. Scholars have called this new method as "Next Generation Environmental Law."
Information regulation has strong supports from legal and economic rational. It also gives the agency and regulated parties the needed flexibility to accomplish environmental protection.
Hence, I hope this paper can present how the U.S. ideas might be included into Taiwan's legal system, based on Taiwan's own legal culture, which will provide the effectiveness, efficiency, and certainty to better our environmental protection.
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目  次: 壹、環境保護規範-美國法之簡介
貳、我國法制之現況-以資訊揭露為對象
參、以資訊揭露作為規範手段之依據-立法論據
肆、資訊揭露之立法例-美國法制介紹
伍、建議-代結論
相關法條:
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相關論著:
宮文祥,以資訊揭露作為環境保護規範手段之研究-以美國法為參考,法學新論,第 5 期,53-85 頁,2008年12月。
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