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論著名稱: 論行政訴訟法第四十一條訴訟參加類型之適用範圍與功能 (Reexamination of the Applicable Scope and Function of the Device of Ordering an Interested Person to Intervene under Article 41 of Administrative Litigation Act)
編著譯者: 林明昕
出版日期: 2009.09
刊登出處: 台灣/國立臺灣大學法學論叢第 38 卷 第 3 期 /73-108 頁
頁  數: 36 點閱次數: 3518
下載點數: 144 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 國立臺灣大學法律學院
關 鍵 詞: 訴訟參加積極固有必要共同訴訟原告適格處分(權)主義訴訟權
中文摘要: 行政訴訟法第 41 條之訴訟參加類型,在我國目前的行政法院實務中,幾乎千篇一律地僅用於以強制訴訟參加之方式,來補正積極固有必要共同訴訟中,全體原告未共同起訴,以致於欠缺原告適格的情形。雖然,實務上這種普遍的作法,從行政訴訟法第 41 條的立法沿革來看,完全符合立法者當初設計此一條文的用意,不過如此的規範意旨,乃至於相應於此的實務見解,其實有待商榷。因為在一方面,積極固有必要共同訴訟,在行政訴訟的領域中,依據正確的理解,應屬相當罕見,絕非如我國目前實務般,錯誤地廣泛運用;從而立法者有無特別設計行政訴訟法第 41 條,專門用來解決所謂積極固有必要共同訴訟之原告適格問題的必要,非無可疑。更何況在另一方面,行政訴訟法第 41 條,不問訴外人之不起訴有無正當理由,直接以命其參加訴訟之方法,強制成為訴訟當事人,從憲法第 16 條同時保障人民有消極不訴訟之自由的角度觀察,也大有違憲之嫌。因此,這一條爭議的行政訴訟法之規定,既嫌多餘,又侵犯人民的訴訟權,終久之計,似宜刪除。
英文關鍵詞: additional load (ordering an interested person to intervene)indispensable plaintiffsstanding to initiate litigationprinciple of party dispositionright to litigate
英文摘要: The Taiwanese administrative courts, in applying the device of ordering an interested person to intervene as provided in Article 41 of Administrative Litigation Act, almost universally used this device as a mechanism to compel the interested person to join as a co-plaintiff for the purpose of remedying the procedural deficiency that indispensable parties did not jointly initiate the pending litigation. This paper argues that while such application may be consistent with the legislative purpose from the perspective of legislative history, this designated purpose itself and the application derived from such purpose raise serious concerns. To begin with, the occurrence of cases calling for indispensable plaintiffs is rare, if correctly defined, in the administrative litigation regime. Therefore, as long as the courts correct their current practices of erroneously requiring indispensable plaintiffs in a wide variety of cases, it is questionable whether the device provided in Article 41 is needed at all. Moreover, by ordering an interested person to join as an involuntary plaintiff without due regard to whether such person has a legitimate reason to refuse to do so, the current practice arguably violates the interested person's constitutional right of free from being compelled to litigate under Article 16 of Taiwanese Constitution. This paper proposes that the best course of action to take is to eliminate the device provided in Article 41 of Administrative Litigation Act altogether.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、實務案例
一、事實經過
二、法院見解
三、問題分析
參、行政訴訟法第 41 條之訴訟參加與固有必要共同訴訟之關係
一、實務之觀點及其評釋
(一)行政訴訟法第 41 條 vs. 同法第 39 條
(二)行政訴訟法第 41 條 vs. 民事訴訟法第 56 條之 1
二、立法史之觀點及其評釋
(一)現行法草案之立法理由
(二)司法院之行政訴訟制度研究修正資料
肆、結語

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