法學期刊
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論著名稱: 僱傭關係下發明權益之研究:以我國專利法為中心(A Study on the Ownership of Inventions Made in the Course of Employment: The Taiwan Approach)
編著譯者: 李素華
出版日期: 2010.03
刊登出處: 台灣/國立臺灣大學法學論叢第 39 卷 第 1 期 /1-70 頁
頁  數: 70 點閱次數: 2345
下載點數: 280 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 國立臺灣大學法律學院
關 鍵 詞: 證明度裁量評價權程序利益保護原則舉證責任程序權保障羈束裁量
中文摘要: 對當前企業而言,由受僱人所創造的無形資產乃重要資產。實際上從事研發之受僱人,對於研發成果之產生有重要貢獻;同樣的,承擔鉅額研發成本及失敗風險的僱用人,對提升科學技術水準亦屬不可或缺。據此,如何平衡僱傭關係下當事人就發明之權益,實有探究之必要;此一問題乃同時涉及專利法、契約法及勞動法之高度爭議議題,新近在國際間引發重視與討論。本文以我國專利法下僱傭關係之發明權益法制規範為討論重點,就職務發明與非職務發明之認定標準、勞僱雙方就各該發明之權益及契約約定此等議題之效力等問題,進行探討,並兼而提出各該問題之淺見與建議。
英文關鍵詞: employees’ inventionemployer’s shop rightshop rightpatent rightemployment contract
英文摘要: Nowadays the intellectual property portfolio generated by the employed personnel is main capital for most enterprises. On one hand, employees engaging in R&D activities shall be given every encouragement and recognition. On the other hand, the employers taking risks with enormous investment in R&D also play a major role in promoting innovation. Therefore, the proper balance of rights of employed inventors and employers needs to be considered. This issue embraces contradictory legal principles, including patent law, contract law and labor law, which are somewhat controversial and discussed recently at international level. This article focuses upon the legal framework of patent law regarding inventions invented by employees in Taiwan. Important issues in this field, including the definition of employees’ inventions and free inventions, employer’s shop right to use the free inventions and enforceability of contracts relating to employees’ inventions, are reviewed in detail. Proper solutions and suggestions are also submitted.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、專利制度本質與僱傭關係之發明權益衡量
一、專利制度本質
二、僱傭關係之發明權益衡量
參、職務發明
一、職務發明之認定
二、職務發明之權益 肆、僱傭期間之非職務發明
一、狹義的非職務發明
二、業務經驗發明
三、受僱人之通知義務
伍、僱傭關係終了始完成之發明
一、不適用專利法之規定
二、受僱人可能構成僱傭契約之債務不履行
三、專利法或可增訂保障僱用人權益之程序規定
陸、結論
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