法學期刊.
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論著名稱: 法律史—臺灣法律發展的「輪替」、轉機與在地化(2007-2009)(A Turning Point in Legal Development of Taiwan(2007-2009))
編著譯者: 王泰升
出版日期: 2010.06
刊登出處: 台灣/國立臺灣大學法學論叢第 39 卷 第 2 期 /165-198 頁
頁  數: 34 點閱次數: 1849
下載點數: 136 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 國立臺灣大學法律學院
關 鍵 詞: 台灣化主權兩岸關係國務機要費羈押法官法定在地化習慣財產法身分法原住民族
中文摘要: 須從整個台灣法律發展的大架構及歷程,來理解2007 至2009 這三年所發生的重大事件並詮釋其意義。首先欲觀察的是,原就領土即具虛構性的中華民國法制,是否由於2008 年5 月20 日政黨再輪替為國民黨執政,而從李扁時代的事實上將台灣當成領土,改變為在原有領土宣稱下自居為「地區性」法制及政府?其次,由於有陳水扁這位「超級被告」之故,台灣法學界得以深究許多刑事訴訟程序上的爭議,包括羈押制度長久以來的缺失,並正視刑事被告之人權保障。從該案亦可看出法院仍有不被民眾信賴的「歷史共業」,但倘若將來法院皆能秉持在扁案中所持的標準,對待所有的政治人物,則何嘗不是一個台灣政治向上提升、司法獲得民眾信賴的轉機。中華民國民法典亦有許多重大修改,延續這部來自民國時代中國、源自西歐的民法典,自1990 年代以來的在地化趨勢,並表現出「民事財產法的擁抱習慣與民事身分法的告別傳統」。伴隨的是,原住民族民事習慣被納入國家法的可能性增高,整個國家法已較友善地看待原住民族法律傳統。
英文關鍵詞: TaiwanizaitonsovereignCross-Strait Relationshipthe detainedlocalizationcustomsproperty lawfamily lawindigenous peoples
英文摘要: The significance of the legal events in Taiwan during the 2007-2009 period depends on the whole structure and development of legal history of Taiwan. Accordingly, there are three important events deserving our special attention. Since the legal fiction that the territory of the ROC included Mainland China did not exist as a matter of fact, the Lee-Chen regimes (1988-2008) advocated Taiwan was a state, which territory factually did not include Mainland China. It is doubtful whether the Ma Adimistration wining the presidential election in 2008 returns to the assertation that Mainland China is a part of the territory of the ROC, but regards itself as a regional government only within the territory. Just because the former President Chen become a “supra defendant,” the legal issues relating to the human rithts of the detained in the criminal procedure and so on have been seriously discussed by the Grand Justices, the legal community, and even the general public. Judging from the popular reaction toward the decision made by the court of first instance in the Chen’s case, the Taiwan’s court is still not trusted by the publich. The Taiwan’s Civil Code derived from the Western Europe and Republic China has adopted more customs in the field of property law, but rejected the Chinese legal traditions in the field of family law and inheritance law. Meanwhile, the possibility to incorporate the customs of indigenous peoples into the state’s law has increased recently.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、虛構化的中華民國法制應走向台灣化或地區化?
一、真實的事實上國家、虛構的憲法上領土
二、以台灣作為一個國家改造憲法的虛構性
三、以地區化來解決憲法虛構化問題?
參、因「陳水扁案」而暴露的刑事訴訟法論爭與司法議題
一、國務機要費以及總統的刑事豁免權與國家機密特權
二、受羈押被告之訴訟權保障
三、法官法定原則與羈押要件之爭議
四、台灣法官的「歷史共業」與當下的課題
肆、民事財產法的擁抱習慣與民事身分法的告別傳統
一、民法典在地化工作的承先啟後
二、民事財產法修正的特色之一:習慣立法與重視習慣法
三、民事身分法修正的特色之一:告別在地的華人傳統
四、形塑原住民族特別民事法制之可能性
伍、結語
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