法學期刊
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論著名稱: 科學鑑定證據憑信性之探討-以 DNA 鑑定證據為例(A Study of the Reliability of Forensic Science Evidence - Forensic DNA Evidence as An Example)
編著譯者: 施俊堯
出版日期: 2010.04
刊登出處: 台灣/東吳法律學報第 21 卷 第 4 期 /207-274 頁
頁  數: 68 點閱次數: 2118
下載點數: 272 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 東吳大學 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 科學鑑定證據證據許容性證據憑信性證據調查證據判斷經驗法則論理法則DNA 鑑定證據聚合酶連鎖反應短串連重複序列
中文摘要: 認定犯罪事實必須依據證據。近年來各類科學鑑定證據逐漸被法院認為具備許容性用於認定犯罪事實,因此審查科學鑑定證據憑信性成為必須注意之重點。本文分析科學鑑定證據在實務運用情形,以及對於科學鑑定證據憑信性之調查與判斷。並以 DNA 鑑定證據為例,說明科學鑑定證據許容性與憑信性,解釋法院有審查科學鑑定證據許容性與憑信性之職責,且以一百零二位法律系學生對 DNA 基本知識與鑑定報告講解前後之認知理解問卷,運用 T test 統計分析,得知講解前後十個問題中有九個有顯著差異,結論之一為法學教育提供鑑定基本知識供日後審查科學鑑定證據憑信性之用,相當重要。
英文關鍵詞: Forensic Science EvidenceAdmissibility of EvidenceReliability of evidenceInvestigation of EvidenceEvaluation of Evidencelogical RuleExperience RuleForensic DNA EvidencePolymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)Short Tandem Repeats (STR)
英文摘要: Conviction of crime based upon evidence. Over recent years, forensic science evidence has become gradually admissible by the Courts and used for conviction. Thus evaluating the reliability of forensic science has become very important.The study analyzed the use of forensic science evidence in Courts and discussed the investigation and evaluation method used to decide the reliability of forensic science evidence. DNA evidence was used as an example to discuss the method of evaluating the reliability. The role of the Court is important as they act as a gatekeeper for evaluating the admissibility and reliablity of forensic science evidence which was also discussed. The study looked at the effects of explaining essential DNA knowledge and DNA test reports. One hundred and two law students were subjects and were explained DNA knowledge. A t-test was used to test the significance of the results which showed that post-DNA explanation, students showed a significant improvement on nine out of ten questions. One of the conclusions was the providing basic forensic knowledge in law education is important in the future.
目  次: 壹、前言
一、依據證據認定犯罪事實
二、使用科學鑑定證據趨勢
三、鑑定證據憑信性之探討
貳、科學鑑定證據憑信性調查
一、法院審查鑑定證據之職責
二、證據憑信性實務調查方法
三、科學鑑定證據憑信性調查
四、 DNA 鑑定證據憑信性調查
參、科學鑑定證據憑信性判斷
ㄧ、依據經驗與論理法則判斷
二、鑑定基礎專業知識之判斷
三、 DNA 鑑定證據憑信性判斷
肆、鑑定證據認知理解之研究
一、 DNA 鑑定原理之簡述
二、實證研究目的與方法
三、 DNA 鑑驗書認知問卷
四、問題統計與結果分析
伍、結論與建議
一、結論
(一)運用科學鑑定證據之趨勢
(二)判決論述審查鑑定之效果
(三)規範鑑定標準法規之不足
(四)法學教育與鑑定證據判斷
(五)法律與科學鑑定正向關係
二、建議
(一)審查科學鑑定證據之職責
(二)科學鑑定證據之實質審查
(三)修正法規與建立鑑定標準
(四)鑑定專業基礎知識之養成
(五)科學鑑定證據之適當運用
陸、附件:實證研究 DNA 鑑驗書
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