法學期刊
論著名稱: 無權代理人責任相關問題的探討-從我國拼裝式民法的透析到包裹立法的倡議(On the Obligations of Unauthorized Agency - from the Assembled Civil Code to a Package-Legislation)
編著譯者: 林信和
出版日期: 2010.03
刊登出處: 台灣/華岡法粹第 46 期 /1-51 頁
頁  數: 51 點閱次數: 2251
下載點數: 204 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 林信和
關 鍵 詞: 表見代理無權代理包裹立法
中文摘要: 我國民法仿德國民法採五編制的「潘德克吞」(Pandekten)法制,就債法設有獨立專編,然觀我民法債編法文中卻不乏見喘士債務法、日本民法等諸國民法之身影,如此「左右逢源」、「包羅萬象」之結果,造成我民體系紊亂,價值錯亂,而有「畫虎不成反類犬」之譏,不但浸淫法域數十寒暑之法律學者及實務家均難無疑,遑論「初入道門」之法律人早已陷入不知其所從之窘境。
有鑑於此,本文初以比較法之觀點,突顯出我民於立法體例上之錯雜及法文規範上之諸多錯漏,並以無權代理人責任相關問題為出發,次第論及「代理權之授與」、「懸賞廣告」、「無因管理」、「代理與準代理」、「顯名代理」、「表見代理」、「履行輔助人」、「無權代理」等規範之刺謬與衍生問題,再輔以我國實務見解理由構成之缺失為實證。最終綜合前述討論之結果,對於本文之法律問題及相關爭點於問題解答中提出作者一己之見,期能藉由點出我民債編部分之「疑難雜症」,使我國朝野法律人能正視此一結構性問題,並盼實務上最高法院能以先鋒之姿領導群院,自此不再「擇惡因執」機械式適用法條,坐令「莫名其妙」之實務判例、判決層出,民事誠信與法律正義頻受挫折。
文末,作者見諸近年東、西方諸國如德國、瑞士、奧地利、日本及中華人民共和國等採行「綜合立法」(習稱「包裹立法」)之利,不免思及我民及其他國法「鋸箭式」立法及修法之紊亂與不全之憾,猶不畏狗吠火車之譏,再度提出包裹立法之倡議,希冀有期一日喚醒暮氣沉況的我國立法機制,不覺令人頓生<孟子•公孫丑〉上篇所謂:「自反而不縮,雖褐寬傳,吾不惴馬;自反而縮,雖千萬人,吾往矣」之壯氣,知難猶行也。
英文關鍵詞: agency by estoppelunauthorized agencyPackage-Legislation
英文摘要: Civil law in Taiwan adopted five sections of “Pandekten” from Germany and Promulgated individual section about debt Iaw. However, there are still some articles in debt law under the shadow of Swiss Debt law, Japanese Civil Law and so forth. The result of this kind of legislation, such as “coving both sides” and “all-inclusive” cause the disorder of Taiwan civil law system and the confusion of values and lead to the ridiculed situation that “paindng a tiger like dog.” Even legal scholars and practicing lawyers steeped in the law for decades are still with doubt about it. It goes without saying that the entering level lawyers have fallen into the embarrasssing situation of what should be followed.
From this point of view, this article first adopts the viewpoint of comparative law to highlight the complication in the legislative from and many errors and omissions in the context of articles under Taiwan Civil Law System. Second, beginning with discussing the related issues of the liability of non-authorized proxy and followed by exploring the mirrored and derivate questions about “managing without cause”,
“Proxy and quasi-proxy”, “proxy with name of authorizer”, “proxy with appearance”, “perform auxiliary” and “proxy with authorization”. Then, proviving some positive evidences on the lack of reasons in practices under Taiwan Court. In conclusion, based on the discussion above, this article provides the answers for questions about the law and its related issues. By pointing out the “incurable diseases” in debt law, it can raise the attention of lawyers to the problem of legal structure and expect that the Supreme Court in Taiwan can serve as a leader to lower lever courts to abandon the stubbornly mechanical application of legal provisions, and does not ignorantly allow the consequently existence of baffing precedents and cases, Good faith in civil law and legal justice are setback frequency.
At last, the author observes the benefits of Eastern and Western countries, such as Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Japan and The People’s Republic of China, etc. for adopting “comprehensive legislation” (often called “legislative package”) in recent years, and considers that “Saw Arrow” legislation and amending the law adopted by Taiwan civil law and other countries cause the regret of the disorder and incomplete. Not afraid of being tease like “the dog bark to the train”, the author proposes the legislative package again, hoping that legislative system in Taiwan ca be woken up someday. Suddenly, it makes people think about the strong courage presented by some words in the up volume of book of Mencius. Gongsun Chou: “If act without honest by reflection, even if meeting a lay person, can I not be anxious to him? If act with honest by reflection, I will take action even against the millions of people.” Taking action even people know its difficulty.
目  次: 壹、法律問題
貳、爭點提出
參、法律評析
一、誤闖叢林的「代理權之授與」
二、自作聰明的「履行輔助人」
三、污名化的無權代理
肆、問題解答
一、無權代理人之賠償責任是否以相對人善意且無過失為要件?
二、善意之相對人撤回意思表示後,得否主張無權代理人之賠償責任?
三、無權代理人之賠償責任是否僅限於信賴損害?
四、無權代理如有表見代理之情事,相對人是否仍得主張無權代理人之賠償責任?
伍、結論-包裹立法的倡議
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