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論著名稱: 技術標準、關鍵內容與強制授權-國際比較下的本土檢討(The Necessity and Limitation of Compulsory Licensing Regime for Technical Standards and Essential Contents)
編著譯者: 劉孔中
出版日期: 2011.07
刊登出處: 台灣/公平交易季刊第 19 卷 第 3 期 /1-32 頁
頁  數: 25 (授權者自訂售價) 點閱次數: 866
下載點數: 150 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 劉孔中
關 鍵 詞: 強制授權法定授權技術標準關鍵內容專利法著作權法公平交易法TRIPS 協定英國通訊辦公室
中文摘要: 本文以技術標準與關鍵內容為例,探討強制授權之必要性及其限制。先比較研究德國、英國及美國在不斷強化智慧財產保護的同時為維護公共利益所採取的諸多法制作為,從而檢討我國專利法、著作權法及公平交易法相關法制之現狀。本文得出之結論與建議為:強制或法定授權是不得已的最後手段,尤其是智慧財產權大量產生、累積、使用、成為不可或缺時(例如技術標準與關鍵內容),無法迴避的制度選擇。準此,專利法不應該全面棄守為公共利益把關之責任,反而需要增加「經以合理商業條件談判無法達成授權協定時,出於維護市場競爭及滿足市場需求等公共利益之必要者,得強制授權」之規定;著作權法應增加平衡各種著作權人之私益與資訊社會公眾取得內容之公共利益的強制授權規定。最後,公平法可考慮將濫用市場獨占地位之行為態樣進一步具體化,使之包括阻礙市場競爭的拒絕授權行為,並授權公平會得授與強制授權。
英文關鍵詞: Refusal To LicenseCompulsory LicensingStatutory LicensingEssential ContentTechnical StandardPatent ActCopyright ActFair Trade ActTRIPSOFCOM
英文摘要: This paper explores the necessity and limitation of compulsory licensing regime with regard to technical standards and essential contents. It starts by surveying what the advanced countries, such as the US, UK and Germany, have undertaken to maximize public interest while continuously strengthening the protection of IPR. It then reviews the relevant legal regimes in Taiwan, i.e. the Patent Act, Copyright Act and Fair Trade Act. It comes to the conclusions: especially when IPR are being produced, accumulated and used in great number and therefore indispensible, compulsory licensing should be an unavoidable institutional choice. Accordingly, the Patent Act shall not abandon its role as guardian of public interest and to impose compulsory licensing to preserve market competition. The Copyright Act should include compulsory licensing regimes that would more broadly balance the interests of right holders and the public. The Fair Trade Act should insert into Article 10 a more specific clause that would proscribe refusal to license essential facilities(including IPR)as abuse of monopolistic market power.
目  次: 一、前言:技術標準與關鍵內容強制授權之必要性
二、技術標準:以德國限制競爭防止法為例
三、關鍵內容之強制授權
四、專利強制授權
五、我國法制之檢討
六、強制授權之限制
七、結語
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