法學期刊
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論著名稱: 論為清償之給付
編著譯者: 王千維
出版日期: 2011.06
刊登出處: 台灣/政大法學評論第 121 期 /1-52 頁
頁  數: 31 點閱次數: 1131
下載點數: 124 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 王千維
關 鍵 詞: 債之本旨原定債務他種給付為清償之給付之契約間接履行清償方法給付遲延變價權變價義務類似委任關係
中文摘要: 所謂「為清償之給付」,乃係債權人受領一不合原定債之本旨之給付,經給付者與債權人間之合意,藉由債權人取得就該給付之變價而生之利益,進而發生債務清償之效力。債務人以及債權人皆無提出或接受為清償之給付之法定義務,所以為清償之給付亦須藉由給付者與債權人間締結為清償之給付之契約始得成立。並且,在此等為清償之給付之契約中,原則上即賦予債權人就他種給付有變價權以及變價義務,因而令債權人與給付者間形成一類似委任之關係,進而債權人若因過失違反其變價義務或所衍生之附隨義務時,應對給付者負擔損害賠償責任。此外,在為清償之給付之契約下,債權人就他種給付固負有變價義務,因此他種給付之提出,即有令債務人拒絕履行原定債務之可能性,至於原定債務給付遲延效果之發生或擴大是否因他種給付之提出而遭阻卻,乃屬別一問題。
英文關鍵詞: Intent of DebtOriginal DebtOther ClaimsContract Concerning Payment for the Purpose of DischargeIndirect PerformanceDischarge MethodDelay in PaymentRight of VariationVariation ObligationRelationship Akin to Commission
英文摘要: The so-called payment for the purpose of discharge is a type of payment received by a creditor with intent other than the original one of debt, which, upon agreement between claimant and creditor, will be deemed as discharge of debt after the creditor,s acceptance of the bene-fit resulting from variation. Neither debtor nor creditor has any statutory obligation to propose or accept the payment for the purpose of dis-charge; therefore, such payment can only be established on the basis of the contract between claimant and creditor. In addition, the creditor will, in principle, have the right and obligation of variation on other claims in accordance with the contract in respective of the payment for the purpose of discharge. A relationship akin to a commission will be established between creditor and claimant, in which, should the credi-tor, due to negligence, fail to perform the variation obligation or its de-rivative obligation(s), he would bear liability to pay compensation to the claimant for the damages thus incurred. Besides, under the contract concerning such payment, the creditor has various obligations on other claims, so the institution of other claims will grant the debtor a possible right to refuse to act upon the original debt. However, it will be a different issue whether or not the original debt of a delay in payment, or its further duration can be eliminated on the ground of the institution of other claims.
目  次: 壹、定義
貳、為清償之給付之本旨
一、為清償之給付之成立以締結為清償之給付之契約為前提
二、為清償之給付之抗辯
(一)緩期清償之抗辯
(二)原定債務既存之抗辯
參、為清償之給付之契約
一、給付目的概說
二、目的表示
三、給付具有法律上原因之合意
四、為清償之給付之契約之內容
(一)令他種給付因此有其所資依循之債之關係
(二)債權人有先就他種給付予以變價而受滿足之義務
(三)小結
肆、債權人請求原定債之關係下給付義務之履行
伍、他種給付之瑕疵
一、給付者不負瑕疵擔保責任
二、債權人僅得在為清償之給付之契約下尋求救濟
陸、為清償之給付與其他相類似概念之區別
一、代物清償
二、為擔保之給付(Leistung siche-rungshalber)
柒、結論
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