法學期刊.
  • 社群分享
論著名稱: 資訊公開 vs.秘密保護-論「政府資訊公開法制」之建立("Disclosure of Government Information" vs. "Protection of National Security and Privacy")
編著譯者: 林明昕
出版日期: 2003.03
刊登出處: 台灣/法政學報第 16 期 /27-46 頁
頁  數: 13 點閱次數: 839
下載點數: 52 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 林明昕
關 鍵 詞: 資訊自由政府資訊公開卷宗閱覽權隱私權國家機密
中文摘要: 隨著資訊時代的來臨,台灣近年來大力推展電子化政府的計畫。而在此一計畫的背後,如何建立一套完善的政府資訊公開法制,則應屬電子化政府在法律層面上首要考慮的重要課題之一。至於所謂政府資訊公開法制的建立,依據本文之見解,在內容上,至少必須把握「政府資訊公開」、「行政程序當事人之卷宗閱覽權」及「國家機密與個人隱私保護」等三項重要因素。由於這三項因素,或多或少均為我國憲法上所承認之法益,而不分軒輊,因此如何透過法律技術的設計,解決三種同具憲法位階之法益彼此間可能發生的統合與衝突現象,正是建立一套完善的政府資訊公開法制所要克服的問題。然而我國目前有關政府資訊公開的各種法律與命令相當錯綜複雜,並且缺乏縱向與橫向的聯繫;其中是否能全面顧及「政府資訊公開」、「行政程序當事人之卷宗閱覽權」及「國家機密與個人隱私保護」三種法益間相互調和的問題,在經過相關法律與命令的內容比對,分析後,則尤其令人懷疑。總之依據本文之觀察,這些種種的疑慮,恐怕是我國現今在努力建立政府資訊公開法制,以奠定電子化政府之法律基礎時,亟待排除的絆腳石。
英文關鍵詞: Freedom of InformationDisclosure of Government InformationRight of File AccessPrivacyNational Security
英文摘要: In response to the advent of information age, Taiwan has been eagerly promoting the E-government program in recent years. One of the legal devices underpinning the program needs to be structured is the establishment of a government information disclosure system. With respect to its specific contents, this Article suggests that at least three important elements be included in the system: “the disclosure of government information”, “the parties’ rights of file access in administrative procedure”, and “the protection of national security and privacy”. Since those three elements are all interests unequivocally protected by the constitution of Taiwan, how to reconcile the potential overlapping and conflicts arising from the protection of these three interests through legal designs is the problem needs to be solved if a sensible government information disclosure system is to be established. Unfortunately, due to the complexity in their contents and lack of correlation among one another, the current laws and administrative orders fall short of meeting this challenge. This Article concludes that this is the obstacle hindering the formation of legal foundation supporting the E-government program and needs to be eliminated in the future.
目  次: 壹、問題之提起
貳、「資訊公開」與「秘密保護」在憲法上之意義
一、資訊接受自由
二、卷宗閱覽權
三、個人隱私與國家機密之保護
四、利益衡量作為建構政府資訊公開法制之理論基礎
參、簡評我國「政府資訊公開法制」之實現經過
一、政府資訊公開法制化之始末
二、相關法令評釋
肆、結語
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
    相關論著:
      返回功能列