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論著名稱: 從宗教團體自治檢討宗教團體財務公開的合憲性(The Review of Constitutionality of the Financial Disclosure of Religious Groups from the Religious Group Autonomy)
編著譯者: 許育典蔡汶含
出版日期: 2013.04
刊登出處: 台灣/東海大學法學研究第 39 期 /1-38 頁
頁  數: 37 點閱次數: 829
下載點數: 148 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 東海大學法律學院 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 宗教團體自治自治自治行政財務公開會計基礎宗教自由
中文摘要: 憲法第 13 條保障人民的宗教自由,但多年來利用宗教犯罪的案例陸續出現,使國家在保護宗教自由的同時,開始注意到宗教管制的需要,而宗教團體也成為國家管制的首要對象。2009 年,立法院內政委員會審查通過宗教團體法草案,其中草案第 22 條課予宗教團體會計義務,引起了在宗教自由的保障下,國家可否要求宗教團體公開財務收支報告的爭議。因此,本文將從宗教團體法草案第 22 條的規定出發,先釐清其爭議。再以宗教團體為中心,建構「宗教團體自治」在憲法上的保障,並探討國家對宗教團體自治的限制。最後提出「自治與自治行政」的概念,作為國家限制宗教團體自治的界限,並回頭檢討宗教團體法草案第 22 條的相關問題。
英文關鍵詞: Religious group autonomyAutonomyAutonomous administrationFinancial disclosureAccounting basisFreedom of religion
英文摘要: The freedom of religion is guaranteed by the Article 13 of the Constitution. Because of the cases of religious crime over the years, the needs of religious control began to be noticed while protecting religious freedom, and religious groups also become the primary object of national control. In 2009, the draft of the Religious Groups Law had been passed through by the Internal Administration Committee of the Legislative Yuan. Among them, religious groups have been required of accounting obligations by Article 22 of the draft, which causes the discussion that, whether the state can require religious groups of the financial disclosure or not, while under the protection of religious freedom. Therefore, the Article will clarify the controversy associated with Article 22 of the draft of the Religious Groups Law. And then this Article will build the guarantee of the religious group autonomy under the Constitution, which around the religious groups, and will research the national restrictions on religious group autonomy. Finally, the concept “autonomy and autonomous administration” will be raised as the boundary of state restrictions on religious group autonomy, and go back to review the issues related to Article 22 of the draft of the Religious Groups Law.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、宗教團體財務公開的憲法爭議
一、宗教團體法草案對宗教團體會計基礎的規定
二、國家得否要求宗教團體公開財務收支報告?
參、宗教團體自治的憲法保障
一、宗教團體自治的意義和保障基礎
二、宗教團體自治的保障核心
三、宗教團體自治的保障主體
四、宗教團體自治的類型
五、宗教團體自治的限制
肆、宗教團體財務公開的合憲性檢討
一、會計制度和財務公開應屬於自治行政事項
二、以「增進公共利益」作為特定公益目的違憲
三、對所有宗教團體予以限制違反必要性原則
伍、結論
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