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論著名稱: 從海商法之觀點論「海翔八號」船舶事故案(Study on M.V. Hai-Xiang No. 8Case in Maritime Law Viewpoint)
編著譯者: 羅俊瑋賴煥升
出版日期: 2013.05
刊登出處: 台灣/興大法學第 13 期 /47-84 頁
頁  數: 23 點閱次數: 877
下載點數: 92 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 羅俊瑋
關 鍵 詞: 適航性海牙威士比規則漢堡規則鹿特丹規則海上人命安全公約國際安全管理規章一九七八年航海人員訓練發證及當值標準國際公約
中文摘要: 「海翔八號」船舶事故案件為近年嚴重之海上事故之一,本案可從多種面向探討。就海商法之部分,即為適航性相關議題。適航性為運送人之首要義務。運送人未於船舶發航前或發航時盡謹慎適航之相對性義務,其不得主張免責與限制責任事項。新近鹿特丹規則就適航性義務將其擴展至運送之全程。由運送人提供裝載貨物之貨櫃,亦有適航性之要求。貨物滅失、毀損與不適航應具因果關係。適航性之內容包含船體、船員、文件、貨載等因素。現今國際上各類船舶皆應強制執行國際安全管理規章,其亦就船員之適航性有所規範。復一九七八年航海人員訓練、發證及當值標準國際公約亦有所明文。故本文即參酌相關國際公約與國內法之規定加以論述。
英文關鍵詞: SeaworthyHague-Visby RulesHamburg RulesRotterdam RulesSOLASISM CodeSTCW Code
英文摘要: In recent years, the accident of M.V. Hai-Xiang No.8 is one of the serious accident at sea. In this case, there are numerous issues to consider. In the field of maritime law, it is the subject of seaworthiness. The carrier was relieved of an obligation of seaworthiness that is a duty of exercising due diligence to make the ship seaworthy. If the carrier can't prove to make the ship seaworthy in due diligence, they can't exemption or limited from their liability for cargo damage or loss. The Rotterdam Rules now extend the obligation to whole voyage. To make and keep any container supplied by the carrier in or upon which the goods are carried, fit and safe for their reception, carriage and preservation is also a seaworthy request in Rotterdam Rules. Cargo loss or damage was or was probably caused by or contributed to by the unseaworthiness of the ship. The subject matter of seaworthiness includes hull, crew, and container. The requirements of ISM Code may be applied to all ships. Furthermore, International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers 1978 is also provided the seaworthiness of crew. This article will have more discussions on these relevant issues with international convention and R.O.C Law.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、監察院調查報告
參、船舶適航性之規定
一、英國普通法
二、美國哈特法案(Harter Act)
三、國際公約
(一)海牙規則
(二)漢堡規則
(三)鹿特丹規則
四、我國法
五、小結
肆、船舶適航性之判斷要素
一、概說
二、船體
三、船員
(一)資格能力與人數
(二)國際安全管理規章
(三)海員訓練、發證和當?標準國際公約
(四)小結
四、貨物
五、小結
伍、結論-「海翔八號」船舶事故案之檢討
一、船體適航性
二、船員部分不符適航性要求,但與損失無因果關係
三、未具貨物適載性為貨物毀損、滅失之主因
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