法學期刊
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論著名稱: 法治國中「特別權力關係理論」之殘存價值?(The Residual Value of "Special Authority Relationships" in Constitutional State)
編著譯者: 程明修
出版日期: 2013.12
刊登出處: 台灣/中原財經法學第 31 期 /191-244 頁
頁  數: 53 點閱次數: 3079
下載點數: 212 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 程明修
關 鍵 詞: 特別權力關係理論基礎關係與經營關係公務員關係法律保留重要性理論基本權司法救濟
中文摘要: 「特別權力關係理論」(Lehre von besonderem Gewaltverhältnis)以犧牲基本權保障作為代價,在需要特別維繫高權統治的國度中,確實提供過正當性之堅實沃壤。此一理論在臺灣土地上盤根錯節,以致職司憲法價值保護之釋憲機關得費力剷除,從釋字第一八七號解釋開始,到近年來第六九一號解釋,展現出我國大法官致力於破除特別權力關係這個法治國鬼魅的努力。然而,時至今日其頑強生命力似乎仍在行政實務上,展現其存在的價值,在許多傳統特別權力關系領域中仍有其蹤影,尤甚者行政程序法第三條第三項所列之「法律整體性的傷亡名單」給予了特別權力關係在法治國底下喘息的機會,故而大法官在特別權力關係的破除的進程上仍未盡全功,尚有努力空間。本文認為,應全面揚棄「特別權力關係理論」,重回法治國陽光的照射。
英文關鍵詞: Special Authority RelationshipsLehre von besondere GewaltverhältnisExecutivecivil servantPrinciple of Reservation of Lawjudicial relieffundamental rights
英文摘要: According to the theory of special authority relationships (Lehre von besonderem Gewaltverhältnis), nations sacrifice the protection of people’s fundamental rights to retain supreme power. The theory has provided solid ground for nations to justify the maintenance of such a power. The implementation of twisted interpretations of this theory in Taiwan has resulted in a laborious eradication process for constitutional authorities to establish a functional constitution and protect people’s rights. As demonstrated by the explanation provided in Interpretation No. 187 to the recent Interpretation No. 691, efforts to overcome special authority relationships by Grand Justices have been well-presented. However, the indomitable vitality of special authority relationship demonstrates that the value of their existence in administrative practices remains even today. Echoes of traditional special authority relationships are still apparent in numerous fields. In Article 3, Section 3, of the Administrative Procedure Act, the “Casualty List of Legal Integrity” provided special authority some reprieve under a constitutional state. Thus, Grand Justices have not yet exerted sufficient effort to eliminate special authority relationships, and scope for improvement remains. This study asserts that the theory of special authority relationships must be discarded entirely to facilitate a return to the light of the Rechtsstaat.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、「特別權力關係理論」之緣起
參、台灣「特別權力關係理論」之面貌
一、日治時期行政法理論之影響
二、國府時期行政法理論之延續
三、對於德國理論發展之趨從與大法官解釋之突破
四、「特別權力關係理論」已逝?
肆、「特別權力關係理論」之殘存價值?
一、行政程序法之排除適用商榷
二、羈押被告或受刑人之法律關係
三、公務員之法律關係
伍、結語
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