法學期刊.
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論著名稱: 從日本輕犯罪法之視角比較分析我國社會秩序維護法之相關問題
編著譯者: 李錫棟
出版日期: 2014.01
刊登出處: 台灣/警學叢刊第 44 卷 第 4 期 /89-115 頁
頁  數: 26 點閱次數: 1759
下載點數: 104 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 李錫棟
關 鍵 詞: 輕罪自然犯比較法輕犯罪法社會秩序維護法
中文摘要: 我國社會秩序維護法計分總則、處罰程序、分則、附則等四篇,共有 94 個條文,兼有實體與程序之規定,日本輕犯罪法全部則只有四個條文。從形式上觀察,這二部法律之條文數及規範之內容確有極大的差異。本文是以日本輕犯罪法本身之規定為比較基礎,就其規範之目的、性質及第 2、3 條之總則性規定及第 1 條之法律效果分別對照我國社會秩序維護法,加以分析比較。關於程序規範,則係就日本刑事訴訟法中與輕犯罪法有關之特別規定,與我國社會秩序維護法中之相關程序規定加以分析比較。日本輕犯罪法與我國社會秩序維護法分則篇的大部分規範都是具有自然犯性質的「輕罪」,只是其行為後果所造成之損害或危險程度比較輕,對於這些行為,日本輕犯罪法之制裁手段為拘留及罰金(科料),這些制裁手段也都是日本刑法上之刑罰,而使輕犯罪法具有道道地地的刑法性質。我國社會秩序維護法則是採取拘留、罰鍰、勒令歇業、停止營業、沒入、申誡等六種處罰方式,而具有承接、補充制裁刑法中所不科處刑罰但具有自然犯性格之不法行為的性質。
英文關鍵詞: misdemeanormala in secomparative lawminor offenses actsocial order maintenance act
英文摘要: There are four volumes in social order maintenance act of our country: general rule, punish procedure, subprovison, bylaw, 94 articles in total. There are also regulations of substantive and procedure. However, there are only 4 articles in minor offenses act of Japan. To observe by the form,it is extremely different in the two legislations. This article is based on minor offenses act to compare the purpose, character, the 2nd and the 3rd article in general rule, and the outcome of the 1st article of the legislation with social order maintenance act of our country. As to procedure regulation,it compares the code of criminal procedure of Japan which has relations with minor offenses act with social order maintenance act. The two legislations are almost misdemeanor, and the degree of the danger and damage are lighter. To these actions, the punishment in Japan is detainment and forfeit. These are punishment in the criminal code of Japan, and it makes minor offenses act to have the character of the criminal code. Social order maintenance act of our country also has 6 punishments: detainment, fine, business termination, business suspending, expropriating, and admonition. It has the character of continuing and replenishing the illegal actions which do not punish in the criminal code.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、規範目的之比較分析
一、日本輕犯罪法之規範目的
二、社會秩序維護法之規範目的
參、規範性質之比較分析
一、日本輕犯罪法規範之性質
二、我國社會秩序維護法規定之性質
肆、實體規定之比較分析
一、關於處罰種類之比較
二、關於量刑幅度之比較
三、共犯處罰之比較
伍、程序規定之比較分析
一、管轄機關之比較
二、強制處分之比較
三、裁處程序之比較
四、救濟程序之比較
陸、結論
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