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論著名稱: 新聞媒體多元與反壟斷之法制探討
編著譯者: 劉孔中
出版日期: 2014.07
刊登出處: 台灣/公平交易季刊第 22 卷 第 3 期 /1-43 頁
頁  數: 29 (授權者自訂售價) 點閱次數: 1751
下載點數: 174 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 劉孔中
關 鍵 詞: 媒體多元外部多元內部多元新聞媒體結合管制結構管制通傳會通訊傳播法
中文摘要: 本文的主要目的在於探檢討新聞媒體多元與反壟斷的法制規範,將先整理現有各種法規、大法官、通傳會管制作為、行政法院判決與學說下的媒體多元圖像,繼而提出本文對媒體多元及其壟斷防制規範的看法,包括媒體多元的價值、種類及其相互關係,管制應從我國媒體產業特徵出發,應僅管制全國性新聞媒體之間的結合,未來通訊傳播法防制新聞媒體壟斷的立法原則:防止新聞媒體事業的控制過度集中在少數人,但是不需另外限制具有支配意見力量的全國性新聞媒體、解構具有支配意見力量的全國性新聞媒體、或設定全國性新聞媒體之間結合的絕對上限,引進共同所有或共同控制的結合型態,憑藉自律維護新聞媒體專業自主與內部多元,應規定通傳會應與公平會分工合作,建立整合型全國性新聞媒體間的結合審查機制。其次,本文探討行政法院對通傳會附款的審查應該採取低度、形式審查標準。本文最後一併審視通傳會維護電視媒體內部多元管制作為的合目的性。
英文關鍵詞: Media PluralityExternal PluralityInternal PluralityNews MediaMerger ControlStructural RegulationNational Communications CommissionCommunications Law
英文摘要: The main purpose of this paper is toexplore media plurality and its regulation in Taiwan. It first summarizes the legal framework, regulatory decisions (by the National Communications Commission (NCC)), judiciary decisions (by the Grand Justices, the Administrative Courts), and academic discussions, and then discussesthevalue and modalities of media plurality and their interaction, the characteristics of local media, and basic principles for the enactment of a comprehensive communications law. These principles are thatthe paradigm of news media plurality shall be explicitly enshrined, that the efforts to keep news media from being monopolized shall be limited to mergersbetween national newspapers, and radio and TVstations, that there will be no ceiling introducedfor ownership or control of national radios and TVs (both terrestrial and cable), and finally the common control type of merger will be ushered in.The preservation of editorial independence shall be left to self-regulation rather than the law as an issue of professional autonomy, and clear control criteria for mergers shall be established by the NCC and the Fair Trade Commission. The remainder of the paper will examine the standard of the judicial review of the terms and conditions imposed by the NCC on crossmedia mergers and finally whether the conditions imposed do serve their purpose.
目  次: 一、前言
二、國內規範及討論的媒體多元圖像
三、媒體多元及其壟斷之防制規範
四、行政法院對通傳會附款審查標準之探討
五、通傳會維護電視媒體內部多元管制合目的性之檢討
六、結語
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