法學期刊.
  • 社群分享
論著名稱: 家暴事件的正當防衛難題-以趙岩冰殺夫案為中心(Problems of the Right to Self-Defense in Domestic Violence: The Case of Zhao Yan Bing)
編著譯者: 薛智仁
出版日期: 2015.03
刊登出處: 台灣/中研院法學期刊第 16 期 /1-70 頁
頁  數: 45 點閱次數: 2680
下載點數: 180 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 薛智仁
關 鍵 詞: 正當防衛侵害概念侵害現在性具體危險受虐婦女症候群防衛必要性防衛合宜性緊密的個人關係保證人地位防衛過當
中文摘要: 繼 1993 年的鄧如雯殺夫案之後,2006 年的趙岩冰殺夫案再度凸顯出刑法的正當防衛規定在家暴事件的適用難題。本案事實審法院援引受虐婦女症候群來修正侵害現在性的判準,擴大正當防衛的適用範圍。不過,本文一方面將指出,基於正當防衛權的銳利性,應嚴格認定防衛情狀,對於侵害概念應作目的性限縮解釋,而且僅在法益陷入具體危險時始肯定現在不法侵害之存在。另一方面,防衛手段的要件應該放寬,法院應設定切合現實的防衛手段必要性標準,亦不宜承認通說在緊密的個人關係所附加之防衛手段合宜性限制。整體而言,尊重受虐婦女特殊經驗的正確方式,是詳查其真正的境遇以適用正當防衛規定,而不是為其創造特殊的正當防衛標準。
英文關鍵詞: self-defensethe Concept of infringementimminent threatspecific hazardsbattered woman syndromedefense necessitydefense decencyintimate personal relationshipguarantor statusunjustifiable defense
英文摘要: Following the 1993 mariticide case of Deng Ruwen, the 2006 case of Zhao Yan Bing once again highlights the difficulties in the application of self-defense in domestic violence. Both of the district court and the high court judgments referred to battered woman syndrome to revise the criteria of imminence in self-defense, and thereby increased the applicability of self-defense in domestic violence. As such, the courts’ decisions in this case were hailed as the emergence of gender-awareness in Taiwan’s criminal justice. However, this article has reservations in this regard. On the one hand, in light of the sharpness of right to self-defense, this article argues for the strict construction of the defense status. In addition to the purpose restrictions on the concept of infringement, whether the danger was in fact imminent should be examined under the criteria of specific hazard. The special experience of battered women is but a psychological state of affairs on the part of the defenders. Rather than creating a special criterion of imminence for battered women, the court should take into consideration all the relevant facts, including the psychological state and the psychological reaction of the defender, in determining whether a given conduct is qualified as self-defense. On the other hand, this article argues for the relaxation of the restrictions on defense measures, especially when it comes to the necessity requirement for the means of self-defense. The court should not force the defender to take a defense measure that would expose him/her to additional risks and thereby render his/her right to self-defense infeasible. Furthermore, this article argues against the prevailing doctrinal theory requiring that self- defense measures meet an additional criterion of appropriateness when intimate personal relationship is at stake. Such requirement is unjustified and has violated the nulla poena sine lege principle. In sum, the right approach to respect the special experience of battered women is to apply the law with due consideration of their actual situation, as opposed to creating a special judicial standard applicable only for their self-defenses.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、趙岩冰殺夫事件概述
一、事實經過
二、歷審判決
參、論述模式的選擇
肆、防衛情狀
一、侵害概念
二、侵害現在性概念
(一)侵害現在性的判斷標準
(二)考量受虐婦女的特殊經驗
(三)小結
伍、防衛手段
一、防衛手段之必要性
二、防衛手段之合宜性
(一)緊密的個人關係作為防衛手段之社會倫理限制
(二)違反罪刑法定原則的限制
(三)欠缺實質正當性的限制
(四)小結
陸、防衛過當
柒、結論
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
    相關論著:
    返回功能列