法學期刊
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論著名稱: RCA 事件與疫學因果關係(RCA Event and Causation in Epidemiology)
編著譯者: 姚志明
出版日期: 2015.11.05
刊登出處: 台灣/月旦法學雜誌第 247 期 /21-44 頁
頁  數: 23 點閱次數: 1372
下載點數: 92 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 姚志明
關 鍵 詞: 因果關係侵權行為公害疫學因果關條理論相當因果關係說
中文摘要: 侵權行為損害賠償責任之成立,加害人之行為與被害人之損害問存在因果關係。原則上,原告(被害人)須證明此因果關係之存在。由於公害事件常涉及到複雜科技問題,因而原告(被害人)很難證明此因果關係之存在。基於減輕原告之舉證責任負擔之目的,日本學理便提出疫學因果關條理論運用於公害案件中。然何謂因果關係?疫學因果關係理論適用之標準為何?針對此等問題,本文擬整理德國、日本及我國等國之學說與實務見解,供讀者參考。
英文關鍵詞: CausationTortsCausation Theory in EpidemiologyPublic NuisanceAdequation Theory
英文摘要: Tort liability was established, when the Tortfeasor’s behavior caused the victim’s damage. In Principle the plaintiff must prove causation in tort law. A public nuisance often involve complex scientific and technical issues so it is difficult for the plaintiff (victim) to prove the existence of a causation. In order to reduce the Plaintiff’s burden of proof in cases of public nuisance, Japanese theory has proposed causation theory in epidemiology in cases of the public nuisance. But what is the causation? What is the applicable standard of causation theory in epidemiology? This article would make a description with the introduction of German and Japanese law practice and theory, as well as organize the opinions of our practice and theory hoping to provide comparative law aspect to the whole study.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、臺灣臺北地方法院九十五年度重訴更一字第四號民事判決之案例事實
參、因果關係理論之發展
肆、評析-疫學關係理論適用在公害事件之妥適性
伍、結論
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