法學期刊
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論著名稱: 探尋隱私權的空間意涵-大法官對基本權利的脈絡論證(Towards the Spatial Connotations of Privacy: Contextual Articulation of the Basic Rights by the Grand Justices)
編著譯者: 葉俊榮
出版日期: 2016.03
刊登出處: 台灣/中研院法學期刊第 18 期 /1-40 頁
頁  數: 25 點閱次數: 2709
下載點數: 100 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 葉俊榮
關 鍵 詞: 隱私權大法官基本權利憲法解釋空間脈絡分析
中文摘要: 大法官對隱私權的論證,大都習慣以比例原則審查政府行為的合憲性。此種以基本權利為本位、套用比例原則的論證模式固然為基本權利案件的慣常審查模式,但在隱私權的案件中卻暴露出許多問題。在一方面,比例原則操作本來就有恣意與不確定性,在另一方面,隱私權的內涵與界定始終在社會變遷的脈絡下浮動。二者都使得既有的審查模式難以提供資訊揭露與隱私權爭議的有效解決之道。
本文透過大法官解釋有關隱私權相關解釋的分析,掌握司法對隱私權構築與論證的演變與脈絡,進而呈現隱私權背後所隱含的空間意涵及其對司法論證的意義。本文認為隱私是一個空間的概念,隱私空間也不是靜態固定,而是與人的期待與關連空間的構築處於持續辯證。隱私的空間意涵與辯證性的理解,對隱私權的司法論證有關鍵性的影響。
英文關鍵詞: privacyGrand Justicesbasic rightsconstitutional interpretationspacecontextual analysis
英文摘要: The judicial articulation of privacy has been advanced in a rights-based approach followed by a proportionality calculus. While this has been in conformity with general judicial practices in most basic rights reviews, there are two major caveats. First, the application of proportionality review has been charged with arbitration and uncertainty. Second, the content of privacy has been evolving against social changes. Together, they render the judicial articulation of privacy less constructive than it can be.
This essay looks into a series of constitutional rulings on privacy by the Grand Justices, aiming at presenting spatial connotations and significance in the judicial articulation of privacy. It argues that privacy is a concept deliberatively linked with a certain human expectation and spatial construction. This spatial construction forms a solid foundation of the judicial articulation of privacy.
This essay finds an emerging judicial reorganization of spatial dimension in privacy discourses. The judicial construction of privacy is underdeveloped as it is shadowed (muddied) by the stereotypical rights proportionality review model. Thus, it calls for a reintroduction of spatial construction in the judicial articulation of privacy.
目  次: 壹、前言:從健保卡註記愛滋病歷的爭議談起
貳、大法官對隱私權審查的階段性發展
一、權利基礎與內涵不明階段
二、建立權利依據、內涵與審查模式階段
三、空間觀念引入階段
四、小結
參、空間觀下的隱私權
一、隱私作為一個空間概念
二、空間、資訊與隱私的辯證性
三、隱私的空間概念與司法審查
肆、從空間檢視資訊揭露與隱私衝突
一、脈絡式的隱私分析
二、從空間觀的隱私權反思健保卡註記
伍、結論
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