法學期刊
論著名稱: 禁止剝削勞工的刑事立法與國際法(A Study on Criminal Legislation of Prohibition on Labor Exploitation and International Law)
編著譯者: 王正嘉
出版日期: 2012.12
刊登出處: 台灣/中華國際法與超國界法評論第 8 卷 第 2 期 /217-240 頁
頁  數: 23 點閱次數: 708
下載點數: 92 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 中華民國國際法學會 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 勞動剝削人口販運奴隸強迫勞動國際勞工組織勞動刑法勞動法
中文摘要: 利用刑罰規定來達成勞動法規範的刑法,一般稱之為勞動刑法,可以說是以保護勞工作為出發點的刑法規定。二○○九年人口販運防制法中之勞動剝削類型,透過與刑法、勞動基準法等相關勞動刑法以及國際法中保護勞工條約之規範的對照與比對,應可得出禁止勞工剝削的刑罰規定較為完整體系。本文主要從國際間公約探討為中心,探討其與我國刑法的禁止奴隸規定;以及其與我國勞動基準法的強迫勞動犯罪;乃到人口販運犯罪的勞動剝削罪等,三大類刑罰規範間互動關係。其次則是在國際法保護勞工理念下,各項間接性防止不當勞動與剝削的公約探討,例如對婦女與兒童等特殊勞動者之保護,以及對勞工安全工作環境建構等公約。透過國際法條約規定的探究,一方面梳理出禁止勞動剝削的相關刑罰規定,形成以禁止剝削勞工為目的的勞動刑法體系雛型,同時也檢討這個體系的過與不及之處。
英文關鍵詞: Labor exploitationhuman traffickingslaveryforced laborInternational labor organization (ILO)criminal law for laborlabor law
英文摘要: The criminal law for labor, which is defined as the criminal codes used to achieve the aim of labor law, can be regarded as a criminal code setting for labor’s protection. In Human Trafficking Prevention Act (2009), a prevention of labor exploitation rule can be found in Art. 32. This article initiates by this. It begins with the present criminal norms that are mainly in Criminal Law and Labor Standard Act. And this article compares to the international law that has its origins in the conventions of labor protection and International labor organization (ILO). Then a complete system of criminal legislation of prohibition on labor exploitation could be reached. This article does this by two ways. Firstly, to around international law, there are slavery prohibition convention, forced labor prohibition conventions and human trafficking for labor exploitation. And correspondently, there are also similar crimes in our criminal codes. Secondly, in the most natural meaning of these international law, these criminal codes can found their basic idea from them. By doing so, this article can shape a prototype of criminal codes for protection labor from exploitation and discuss the surfeit and deficiency of current system.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、保護勞工的相關國際條約
一、國際勞工保護運動概況
二、禁止勞動剝削的國際條約
三、特殊勞動者保護的國際公約
四、勞動條件與勞動環境的國際公約
五、小結:保護勞工的國際公約與國內法適用
參、現有勞動刑法規定探源
一、勞動關係與刑法
二、保護勞工與禁止勞動剝削的刑事法律
三、人口販運中的勞動剝削罪
肆、結論
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