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論著名稱: 緩起訴負擔條件之刑罰性探討(Analxsis of Punitiveness in Deferred Prosecution with Conditionality)
編著譯者: 許絲捷
出版日期: 2016.04
刊登出處: 台灣/東吳法律學報第 27 卷 第 4 期 /41-68 頁
頁  數: 28 點閱次數: 1311
下載點數: 112 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 許絲捷
關 鍵 詞: 緩起訴負擔條件緩起訴處分刑罰歐洲人權公約一事不再理
中文摘要: 民國 91 年新增的緩起訴制度施行至今已十餘年,檢察官為緩起訴處分時,得命被告為一定負擔條件,從其負擔條件的內容來看,有涉及對財產的剝奪或服勞務,其與刑罰內容類似,故對被告而言緩起訴負擔條件是否是實質上的刑罰?此為本文所欲探討之主題。本文擬從以下角度來觀察,首檢討刑罰之性質為何,與緩起訴負擔條件又有何異同,接著此處亦涉及一事不再理原則,與行政罰法第 26 條所規定的刑事先行原則有關,若檢察官命被告為負擔條件時,行政單位得否再行處置?故負擔條件是否屬於依刑事法律之處罰,是此處的關鍵。無獨有偶,海峽彼岸的歐洲曾見討論這些提問,深具參考價值。最後本文基於前述探討,重新檢視緩起訴負擔條件內容,並認為應肯認涉及人民權利之負擔條件係具制裁的性質。既然緩起訴處分之負擔條件實質上具制裁性質,則有重新檢討目前的緩起訴制度設計是否恰當之必要。
英文關鍵詞: deferred prosecution with conditionalitydeferred prosecutionpenaltyEuropean Convention on Human Rightsne bis in idem
英文摘要: It’s been more than a decade since the establishment of the deferred prosecution system in 2002. In making a deferred prosecution agreement, prosecutors may require the defendant to bear certain burdens or meet certain conditions, whose contents are akin to that of criminal punishment. Therefore, this study aims to discuss whether the burdens and conditions imposed in a deferred prosecution agreement are in essence criminal punishment for the defendant. First, the study examines the nature of criminal punishment, and the similarities and differences between criminal punishment and the burdens and conditions imposed by deferred prosecution. The section also touches upon the principle of ne bis in idem. Prosecutors’ requirement for the defendant’s bearing of burdens and compliance with conditions begs the question of whether administrative units are allowed to impose additional punishment. Hence, whether those burdens and conditions belong to punishment of criminal laws becomes the key. Coincident ally, European countries have also raised questions regarding the issue, and the legal discourse they have engaged in serves as a source of reference.
Finally, based on the discussions above, the study concludes that the burdens and conditions imposed by deferred prosecution are by nature punitive, warranting a re-examination of the current deferred prosecution system.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、緩起訴負擔條件與刑罰之異同
一、刑罰之意義
二、緩起訴負擔條件之解析
三、小結-兩者之比較
參、緩起訴負擔條件與刑罰之相關性
一、法務部行政罰法諮詢小組第五次會議記錄
二、相關歐盟公約的法院觀點
(一)M v. Germany-歐洲人權公約第 7 條
(二)一事不再理-申根施行公約第 54 條
三、小結-實質刑事制裁之意涵
肆、緩起訴負擔條件之重新檢視
一、披著預防外衣的制裁
二、未經法院作出的制裁
三、無聲無語的被害人
伍、結語
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