法學期刊
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論著名稱:
組織犯罪案件審判之傳聞法則適用(Hearsay Rules in Trials of Offenses of the Organized Crime Prevention Act)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 張明偉
出版日期: 2016.09
刊登出處: 台灣/國立臺灣大學法學論叢第 45 卷 第 3 期/1045-1094 頁
頁  數: 35 點閱次數: 1387
下載點數: 140 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 張明偉
關 鍵 詞: 組織犯罪防制條例證明性傳聞傳聞法則證據能力對質
中文摘要: 依組織犯罪防制條例第 12 條第 1 項中段:「訊問證人之筆錄,以在檢察官或法官面前作成,並經踐行刑事訴訟法所定訊問證人之程序者為限,始得採為證據」之規定,警訊筆錄於組織犯罪事件審判中不具證據能力。然而,在刑事訴訟法制定傳聞法則後,是否仍有必要維持該條規定,似有檢討之必要。本文除自立法背景之角度,探討本條項規範之目的外,更基於美國相關法制發展之經驗,主張以證人或被害人危險或恐懼之虞限制被告對質詰問審判外證明性傳聞之權利,並不符比例原則之要求;而一概排除非於法官或檢察官面前製作之訊問筆錄證據能力,其過度限制證人審判外陳述證據能力之立法,並不符合傳聞法理,並可能有害組織犯罪防制條例第 1 條第 1 項:「為防制組織犯罪,以維護社會秩序,保障人民權益,特制定本條例。」之規範目的達成。因此,在制定傳聞法則後,應無適用組織犯罪防制條例第 12 條第 1 項中段規定之必要。
英文關鍵詞: the Organized Crime Prevention Acttestimonial hearsayHearsay RulesAdmissibilityconfrontation
英文摘要: According to the middle section of Paragraph 1 of Article 12 of the Organized Crime Prevention Act, which provides: “The inquisition report of a witness may only be included as part of the evidence where it is prepared before a judge or a prosecutor in accordance with the procedure set forth in the Code of Criminal Procedure,”the police-prepared inquisition report is inadmissible in trials of offenses of the Act. However, it is questionable to apply this section after the hearsay rules is adopted in the Code of Criminal Procedure. This study bases on the American experience to claim that subjecting the victim or witness to violence, coercion, intimidation or other retaliatory actions is itself not enough to deprive the right to confront of the accused in addition to exploring the background behind the section. And excluding the police-prepared inquisition report absolutely might over-exclude it as evidence, which does not comply with the hearsay rationale and might be against the goal of the Act, set forth in Article 1 of the Act, providing “The Organized Crime Prevention Act is established to prevent organized criminal activities and to maintain social order and protect the interests of the public.” Therefore, after passing the hearsay rules, it is not necessary to apply he middle section of Paragraph 1 of Article 12 of the Organized Crime Prevention Act in organized crime cases no more.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、組織犯罪防制條例排除警訊筆錄證據能力之檢視
一、直接審理原則與言詞審理原則空洞化之立法背景
二、釋字第三八四號解釋之衝擊
三、全面排除警訊筆錄證據能力之疑義
參、美國法制下之傳聞法則
一、對質詰問權之保障與限制
二、證明性傳聞之判斷
三、間接證人與多重傳聞之證據能力
四、傳聞法則於組織犯罪案件審判中之適用
五、當事人同意放棄對質詰問權
肆、排除非於法官或檢察官面前陳述證據能力之規範檢討
一、概說
二、有保障對質詰問權必要之情形
三、無保障對質詰問權必要之情形
四、間接證人於審判外陳述之證據能力
五、針對組織犯罪類型案件另訂傳聞法則之檢討
伍、結論
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
張明偉,組織犯罪案件審判之傳聞法則適用,國立臺灣大學法學論叢,第 45 卷 第 3 期,1045-1094 頁,2016年09月。
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