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論著名稱: 論「憲法上原則重要性」-一個釋憲程序基礎概念的釐清與適用(An Analysis of “general constitutional significance”– The Clarification and Application of the Basic Concept in the Constitutional Litigation Process)
編著譯者: 吳信華
出版日期: 2016.10
刊登出處: 台灣/東吳法律學報第 28 卷 第 2 期 /1-53 頁
頁  數: 53 點閱次數: 1169
下載點數: 212 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 吳信華
關 鍵 詞: 大法官憲法訴訟人民聲請釋憲憲法上原則重要性判決憲法訴願
中文摘要: 近年來在大法官釋憲程序的諸多不同情狀中多有提及「憲法上原則重要性」此一概念,並以之為若干程序問題解決之準據者。不僅如此,在二○○八年及二○一三年司法院所提出之「司法院大法官審理案件法」相關修法草案的條文中亦均明文有相同用語。然此一「憲法上原則重要性」的內涵實不明確,究竟其產生之緣由為何、具有何種意涵、具體情狀中又應如何正確地對之適用, 乃至修法草案中相關條文的內容闡釋以及未來的發展等,當均具學理與實務上的重要性,此即本文探究重點所在。
在論述上即以大法官釋憲實務對此一概念之運用為出發而探究相關情狀, 並以釋憲實務的觀察及憲法訴訟的法理的論述為開展,且亦一併就此一概念所可能來源之美國及德國法制上的相關制度為比較說明,以為根本性的釐清與辨正。除此之外亦更探究此一概念於吾國大法官釋憲程序上應有的法理內涵與適用情狀,且一併論述作為立法政策上運用,以為釋憲實務乃至未來修法的具體參考。
英文關鍵詞: Grand JusticesConstitutional Litigationjudicial review brought by acitizen (citizens' petitions for a constitutional interpretation)generalconstitutional significanceconstitutional complaints against court judgments
英文摘要: The concept of “general constitutional significance” (“grundsatzliche verfassungsrechtliche Bedeutung” in German) has been frequently mentioned in different contexts by the Grand Justices in the constitutional litigation process and has become the basis for resolving certain procedural issues in recent years. Meanwhile, this concept has also been adopted in the draft articles for the amendment of the Constitutional Interpretation Procedure Act proposed by the Judicial Yuan in 2008 and 2013 respectively. However, the actual meaning of this concept is not clear. As a result, to have an analysis on the origin and components of this concept, how it can be correctly applied in concrete cases, the interpretation of the concept used in draft articles for the amendment of the Constitutional Interpretation Procedure Act and the development of the concept in the future, becomes crucial both in theory and practice. This paper seeks to explore these issues.
In order to clarify and identify the meaning of this concept, this paper begins with an examination of how it has been employed by the Grand Justices in the interpretation of Constitutional Law as well as an analysis of the legal theories and practices in constitutional litigation. It also discusses and makes a comparison on the relevant institutions between the US and German legal systems where the concept of the general constitutional significance may originally come from. Moreover, for the purpose of providing proposals for the application of this concept in constitutional litigation and the amendment of the Constitutional Interpretation Procedure Act in the future, this paper further explores the theoretical content this concept should have and how it should be used in the constitutional litigation process in Taiwan.
目  次: 壹、問題之提出與說明
貳、「憲法上原則重要性」概念的溯源探究
一、他國法制繼受的初步觀察
二、釋憲實務運作的根源與衍生思考
參、概念所繼受之德美二國法制的比較與印證
一、德國釋憲法制中的相關規定
(一)憲法訴願程序要件中「窮盡救濟途徑」之「一般重要性」
(二)憲法訴願制度中「接受程序」的「憲法上原則重要性」
(三)釋憲程序中的「簡易駁回」制度
二、美國法制上的「移審」規定
三、美國「移審」制度與德國相關制度的比較
(一)美國的「移審」與德國的「簡易駁回」
(二)美國的「移審」與德國的「接受程序」
四、德美制度對比觀察下立法繼受的問題與評價
(一)「大法官受釋憲程序法制的拘束」與「程序合法性的要求」作為問題思考的基礎
(二)繼受他國制度本質上相容性的觀察
(三)繼受目的必要性的檢討
肆、「憲法上原則重要性」在釋憲程序上應有的法理內涵
一、「本土化」延伸情狀問題的綜合觀察
二、個別適用情狀與法理的再檢視
(一)作為「窮盡救濟途徑」的例外要件
(二)作為其他釋憲程序要件之輔助性解釋?
(三)作為「簡易駁回」之判斷要件?
(四)作為「擴張標的範圍而審理」之準據?
三、「立法政策」上適用的評估與思考
(一)「提昇審理效率」為「選案」而適用?
(二)採行「判決憲法訴願」而適用?
伍、結論與建議
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