法學期刊.
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論著名稱: 從法治國家觀點-論警察尾追酒駕肇禍的國賠責任(Analyzing State Compensation Liability from the Perspective of a Country under the Rule of Law When Police Officers Follow Drunk Drivers in Hot Pursuit)
編著譯者: 李惠宗
出版日期: 2017.03.05
刊登出處: 台灣/月旦法學雜誌第 263 期 /5-23 頁
頁  數: 19 點閱次數: 657
關 鍵 詞: 自己責任公德整合體實質正當性相當因果關係保護規範理論
中文摘要: 行政機關執行職務不可以像對待敵人一樣,使用「奇襲」手段。國家應屬「公德整合體」,公務員職務行為須具有實質正當性。憲法對公務員之國家賠償責任係採「自己責任」,其職務行為的違法性以是否違反「保護規範職務」為斷,警察如已明知駕駛人有酒駕情事,不加勸阻,已屬違反「保護規範職務」,其後加上不必要的「尾追」,該行為具有「雙重不法性」,對於車禍是故的發生,具有相當因果關係,應負國家賠償責任。
英文關鍵詞: Self-responsibilityIntegration of CivismSubstantive LegitimacyProximate Causation TheoryTheory of Protective Norms
英文摘要: Administrative agencies, while performing their duties, should not use “raid” as against the enemies. States should be the “integration of civism” and government officials should perform their duties with substantive legitimacy. State compensation liability for government officials are deemed as “self-responsibility” under the Constitution, and the legality of officials’ duties are determined by whether it violates the “protective norms duty”. Police officers who know the facts of drunk driving and fail to take actions already violate their “protective norms duty”, and will constitute “double unlawfulness” if followed with unnecessary hot pursuit. Consequently, the government will be held liable since the police officers' behaviors will be the proximate cause to the traffic accident.
目  次: 壹、事件的緣起
貳、地院與高院不同觀點的比較
參、法治國家下公權力行使之機制
肆、國家賠償責任要件上的檢討
伍、結論
陸、副論-如果員警不積極取締呢?
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