法學期刊
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論著名稱: 圍繞經濟分析及間接證據的法庭論戰-評最高行政法院近年針對違法聯合行為裁罰處分相關判決
編著譯者: 石世豪
出版日期: 2017.10
刊登出處: 台灣/公平交易季刊第 25 卷 第 4 期 /1-29 頁
頁  數: 24 點閱次數: 720
下載點數: 96 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 石世豪
關 鍵 詞: 系統性案例分析聯合行為爭訟經濟分析間接證據
中文摘要: 公平交易法經多次修正,關於違法聯合行為的規範已漸趨完備,近年更明文規定:針對聯合行為最難取得直接證據的合意要件,得以「經濟合理性等相當依據之因素推定之」,回應多年實務上取締困難的問題癥結所在。然而,事業對於公平交易委員會處分不服者,依法尚可循爭訟程序加以爭執;歷年來公平交易委員會針對違法聯合行為所作成的處分,在爭訟程序中遭撤銷者並不少見。公平交易法修正廢除訴願前置程序後,高等行政法院判決撤銷公平交易委員會原處分者仍所在多有。本文系統性檢索公平交易法新制施行前後各2年內,最高行政法院受理公平交易委員會及受處分事業不服高等行政法院判決所提起的上訴案件,統計並分析整體判決趨勢,針對公平交易法新制在爭訟程序中已發生作用及尚待改進之處,整理數項初探性質的觀察與建議。
英文關鍵詞: Case StudyCartelLawsuitEconomic AnalysisIndirect Evidence
英文摘要: Taiwan's Fair Trade Act (FTA) has been amended several times. Since 2015 it has stipulated that the mutual understanding regarding concerted actions may be presumed based on a variety of factors. Although the Fair Trade Commission (FTC) is an independent agency headed by commissioners with different professional backgrounds, it has not been unusual for its decisions against illegal cartels to be nullified in the administrative appeal procedure of the Executive Yuan. Even though such an appeal procedure has now been abolished, the FTC still faces challenges in the revocation of litigation before the administrative courts. This article systematically examines lawsuits against the FTC's cartel sanctions in the revocation of litigation between 2013 and 2016, and then concludes with some practical suggestions for improvements in the future cartel sanctions of the FTC.
目  次: 一、裁判適用法令問題
二、判決概要及其趨勢
(一)上訴維持情形
(二)機關勝敗訴情形
(三)維持判決一致性
三、攻防理由及其取捨
(一)爭執焦點
(二)公平會主張
(三)法院取捨
四、結語
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