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論著名稱: 食品安全、責任與正義(Food Safety, Responsibility and Justice)
編著譯者: 吳建昌
出版日期: 2017.04
刊登出處: 台灣/月旦醫事法報告第 6 期 /9-31 頁
頁  數: 14 點閱次數: 462
下載點數: 56 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 吳建昌
關 鍵 詞: 正義法律風險食品安全責任
中文摘要: 近幾十年來,全球關於食品倫理正義的論述已自食品來源保障(狹義的 food security)擴展至食品品質與安全(廣義的 food security)。臺灣近來亦遭遇許多重大之食品安全問題,並歷經數次密集修法,以保障並提升食品安全;然而目前國內文獻論述仍少有系統性地整合正義、責任與風險概念之食品安全法律政策論述。因篇幅限制,本文不擬完整地檢視實質與程序的正義理論,僅嘗試提出一個從分配正義之觀點理解食品安全責任之分析架構,主張風險管理與預警原則、食品資訊之透明及食品企業社會責任,皆是分配正義之展現,有待民主參與來凝聚共識-我們願意為了食品安全付出多少代價?
英文關鍵詞: justicelawriskfood safetyresponsibility
英文摘要: In recent decades, global discourses regarding food ethics and justice have expanded from food accessibility (narrow interpretation of food security) to food quality and safety (wide interpretation of food security). Similarly, these years Taiwan has suffered from serious food safety problems and intensively revised its food law and regulations several times to protect and enhance food safety. However, literature in Taiwan rarely addresses food legal policy discourse by systematically integrating concepts of justice, responsibility and risk. Due to the limitation of space, this paper does not cover all the substantive or procedural justice theories, but intends only to propose an analytic framework that examines food safety responsibility from a perspective of distributive justice. It posits that distributive justice considerations are revealed in the discourses in risk management and precautionary principle, transparency of food information, and food business social responsibility. Democratic participation is urged to reach a consensus on how much we are willing to pay for the price of food safety.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、簡析各種正義理論的概念
一、從過失責任、危險責任至無過失責任
二、平等主義之正義思維
三、Rawls 正義論與 Daniels 正義的健康理論
四、反平等主義
五、食品正義
參、食品安全、風險與正義
一、食品安全研究資源的分配正義
二、食品安全科學確定性與風險的正義
三、食品的誠信真實、安全、透明度與正義
四、食安基金、人民參與及風險之重分配
肆、代結論:食品安全與企業社會責任
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