法學期刊
論著名稱: 2016 年民事程序法之實務發展:訴訟權保障之具體實踐(Developments in the Law in 2016: Protecting the Procedural Rights to Civil Proceedings)
編著譯者: 沈冠伶
出版日期: 2017.11
刊登出處: 台灣/國立臺灣大學法學論叢第 46 卷 特刊/1425-1464 頁
頁  數: 40 點閱次數: 2957
下載點數: 160 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 國立臺灣大學法律學院
關 鍵 詞: 訴訟救助再審聽審請求權法庭公開當事人公開支付命令之效力爭點效被告之追加團體訴訟
中文摘要: 訴訟權為憲法所保障之基本權利,民事訴訟法作為被適用之憲法,如何在個案中體現憲法價值,就民訴法進行合憲性解釋適用,民事法院責無旁貸。最高法院在 2016 年之裁判中,有多則裁判與訴訟權保障之具體實踐相關,本文分別從平等接近利用法院、聽審請求權保障與突襲性裁判之防免,以及紛爭統一解決與當事人追加等三個面向,進行整理及評析。關於平等接近利用法院,涉及訴訟救助之要件、離婚判決之再審當事人以及審判權合意之效力;關於聽審請求權保障,涉及法院之闡明義務、法庭公開與當事人公開之關係、保全程序之當事人意見陳述權、支付命令之效力以及爭點效之認採。關於紛爭統一而有效之解決,最高法院多認為於無害於他造當事人程序權保障之前提下,應容許在第二審為被告之追加,但於 RCA 團體訴訟之追加選定人,則不許可在第二審為之。
英文關鍵詞: right of access to courtlitigation aidrehearing proceedingright to be heardto be heard in public open trialdisclosure to partiespayment orderissue preclusionaddition of defendantsgroup action
英文摘要: The right to a fair trial is guaranteed by the Constitution. Civil Procedure Code is also known as applied Constitution. Therefore, civil courts have responsibility to interpret the Civil Procedure Code by considering constitutional values and to adopt a constitution-based method. This article analyzed significant decisions of the Taiwan’s Supreme Court in 2016 regarding the right to a fair trial, which included three parts: the right of access to court, the right to be heard and prevention of surprise verdict, as well as the efficiency of justice, in particular the addition of defendants in the second instance and the amendment of claims in the group action. As to the right of access to court, decisions of the Taiwan’s Supreme Court were made on the condition of litigation aid, the standing to rehearing proceeding for a divorce verdict and the agreement of jurisdiction. The Supreme Court permitted a rehearing proceeding, in which the divorced wife filed a suit against the legitimate successor of the deceased ex-husband to rehear her divorce case. Regarding the right to be heard, decisions were made on the duty of the courts to elucidate the subject-matter of the dispute, facts or laws, the right to be heard in public open trial and disclosure to parties, the right to state the opinion in provisional remedies proceedings, the effect of a payment order and issues preclusion. Regarding to the effective resolution of disputes in one procedure, the Supreme Court allowed the motion to add defendants in appeal proceeding under the condition of protecting the new defendant’s litigation right, however, dismissed the plaintiff’s motion to add claims for more victims in the appeal proceeding of RCA case, which is the first environmental litigation by way of group action.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、平等接近利用法院
一、訴訟救助及法律扶助
二、再審之事後救濟
三、審判權之合意
參、聽審請求權之保障與突襲性裁判之防免
一、訴訟標的特定之闡明
二、事實證據之闡明
三、法律見解之闡明
四、法庭公開與當事人公開之限制
五、保全程序之聽審權保障
六、支付命令之效力
七、判決理由中判斷之效力
肆、紛爭統一解決與當事人追加
一、被告之追加
二、團體訴訟之實質上當事人追加
伍、結論
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