法學期刊.
  • 社群分享
論著名稱: 論外國刑事判決與一事不再理效力之問題(Study of Foreign Criminal Judgment and the Effect of Protection Against Double Jeopardy)
編著譯者: 李錫棟
出版日期: 2013.05
刊登出處: 台灣/涉外執法與政策學報第 3 期 /181-201 頁
頁  數: 17 點閱次數: 279
下載點數: 68 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 李錫棟
關 鍵 詞: 外國判決一事不再理原則國際承認國家主義國際主義
中文摘要: 關於國際性之一事不再理的本質,學說上有外國尊重說、既判力說及調和說,其中調和說認為國際性的一事不再理原則是國家對於犯罪處罰的利害關心與被告自由權的調和問題,即外國的刑事判決僅限於國家請求刑罰的目的已被達成,或國家保護法益的任務已被完成,始承認其具有一事不再理的效力,是較妥當的說法。若依此標準,則我國似乎有部分犯罪類型有採行一事不再理原則之可能。對於侵害我國國家及社會重大法益之犯罪,我國要予以處罰是因為我國的國家和社會重大法益要由我國自己來保護,並以此來確保我國的存立與安全。是以,就保護國家的犯罪而言,對於外國的刑事判決不能採行一事不再理原則。保護國家以外的普通犯罪,如果是在本國領域內犯罪,為了維持國內的治安與秩序,不能期待外國的刑事判決有充分的處罰。因此,外國作成刑事判決之後,我國還是可能有再予以處罰之必要。關於劫機、海盜、非法買賣鴉片等世界法犯罪,如果是在國外犯罪,並經外國做成合於世界法上之評價的判決,我國應無再予審判、處罰之必要。
英文關鍵詞: foreign judgmentdouble jeopardyinternational recognitionstatisminternationalism
英文摘要: About the essence of international double jeopardy, There is 3 theories. One is theory of foreign respect. Another is theory of res judicata. Still another is theory of harmony. Theory of harmony considers that double jeopardy is country’s care about advantages and disadvantages of punishment and defendant’s right to liberty of harmonious problem. On the other hand, foreign court judgment is limited that purpose of country asking punishment had been accomplished, or the mission of country protecting law’s profit had been fulfilled. Then recognize that has the effect of protection against double jeopardy. That is a correcter utterance. If we according this norm, my country seems to be potentiality of a part of criminal type taking double jeopardy. About the people who violating my country and major societal law’s profit, they will be punished by my country because we are responsible for the protection of my country and major societal law’s profit. Also use that to be sure to my country’s subsistence and safety. In any case, the crime of country protection can’t take double jeopardy for foreign court judgment. Normal crime except protecting country, if they offend crime in my country’s district., in order to keep internal security and regular system. We can’t hope that they will be punished sufficiently by foreign court judgment. Therefore, even foreign countries make court judgment, they also may be punished by my country. Like hijack a plance, piracy and relating to opium, those are crime of world law. If offenders do this kind of crime and got court judgment according world law from foreign courtry, my country don’t need to have a trial or a penalty.
目  次: 壹、概說
貳、一事不再理原則的本質
參、應否採行一事不再理原則
肆,採行一事不再理原則之範圍
伍、結論
相關法條:
相關判解:
    相關函釋:
      相關論著:
        返回功能列