法學期刊.
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論著名稱: 論我國新修電業法中電業管制機關之爭議問題(The Controversial Issue of Electricity Industry Regulatory Authority in Newly Amended Electricity Act)
編著譯者: 陳信安
出版日期: 2017.12
刊登出處: 台灣/輔仁法學第 54 期 /1-104 頁
頁  數: 103 點閱次數: 2117
下載點數: 412 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 陳信安
關 鍵 詞: 電業法電業管制機關獨立機關行政組織民主正當性制度性法律保留德國聯邦網路署
中文摘要: 我國近期最重要之能源法發展,莫過於立法院於今年(2017 年)1 月 11 日完成電業法之修正程序,並於同月 26 日移送總統公布施行。然而,自修法前到該法公布開始施行後,各界對其規範內容仍多有質疑並引發激烈之爭論,其中焦點之一,乃係關於電業管制機關之定位、組織及職掌事項等問題。多數意見認為未以獨立機關之組織形式形構電業管制機關,將導致其欠缺執行電業管制事務所必要之專業性與獨立性,恐有礙於該法所欲達成之電力市場自由化目的。本文探討之重點,除說明歐盟及德國電業管制機關法制之發展歷程及現況,以作為比較外,亦將由我國現行憲法及行政法中關於行政組織之相關法律規定及原理原則,乃至於釋憲實務之見解出發,探究在新版電業法之規範脈絡下,電業管制機關是否有採獨立機關組織形式之必要,同時探究該法中電業管制機關相關規定之妥適性,最後再嘗試提出本文之建議。
英文關鍵詞: Electricity ActElectricity Industry Regulatory AuthorityIndependent AuthorityAdministrative OrganizationDemocratic Legitimacythe Bundesnetzagentur
英文摘要: No other recent progress of national energy laws is more important than the one that the Legislative Yuan completed proceeding to amend the Electricity Act (hereinafter referred to as the “Act”) on January 11, 2017 and then transferred it to the President for promulgation and implementation on the 26th of the same month. However, during the period from the time prior to such amendment to the time after implementation upon promulgation of the Act, all sectors have still been querying the regulations thereof and fierce controversy has been provoked; one focus of which is the issue about the position, organization and function of the electricity industry regulatory authority. In the opinions of the majority, it will result in a lack of professionalization and independence necessary for the execution of regulatory affairs of the electricity industry and will be supposedly an obstacle to the goal of liberalization of the electricity market which the Act is intended to achieve that the electricity industry regulatory authority is not organized in the form of an independent authority. As the key points discussed in this thesis, in addition to the comparison made by illustrating the development history and current situation of the legal system of electricity industry regulatory authority in European Union and Germany, it also discusses whether it is necessary to organize the electricity industry regulatory authority in the form of an independent authority under the regulations of the new version Act. The propriety of the provisions in the Act relevant to the electricity industry regulatory authority is simultaneously discussed with the start from relevant legal provisions and principles about the administrative organization in the currently effective Constitution and administrative laws, and opinions on the practice of the interpretation of the Constitution. At the end of this thesis, the writer proposes suggestions.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、電業法修法過程概述
  一、新版電業法規範內容概述
  二、電業管制機關規定概述
  三、修法過程中關於電業管制機關之爭論
  (一)公聽會與會學者專家之觀點
  (二)經濟委員會黨團協商階段
  (三)臨時會黨團協商階段
參、歐盟及德國電業管制機關之法制
  一、歐盟電力內部市場指令之規定
  (一)1996 年歐盟電力內部市場指令
  (二)2003 年歐盟電力內部市場指令
  (三)2009 年歐盟電力內部市場指令
  (四)小結
  二、德國能源經濟法關於電業管制機關之規定
  (一)概論
  (二)聯邦網路署之管轄權規定
  (三)聯邦網路署組織規定概述
  (四)流程性及構造性組織觀點下之聯邦網路署組織結構
  (五)聯邦網路署之獨立性
  (六)聯邦網路署之指令拘束性問題
  (七)小結
肆、新版電業法關於電業管制機關規定之評析
  一、中央主管機關指定電業管制機關之爭議
  (一)行政組織權之理論觀點
  (二)本文見解
  二、電業管制機關與各審議會之組織與職權分際
  三、電業管制機關應採獨立機關之組織形式?
  (一)民主正當性之觀點
  (二)釋字第 613 號解釋之觀點
  (三)本文見解
伍、代結論:現階段仿效訴願審議委員會形構電業管制機關
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