法學期刊
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論著名稱: 犯罪所得沒收制度之新典範?評析食安法第四十九條之一之修正(The New System of Confiscating Crime Proceeds : A Comment on the Amendment of Article 49-1 of Act Governing Food Safety and Sanitation)
編著譯者: 薛智仁
出版日期: 2015.11
刊登出處: 台灣/國立臺灣大學法學論叢第 44 卷 特刊/1327-1394 頁
頁  數: 68 點閱次數: 689
下載點數: 272 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 薛智仁
關 鍵 詞: 犯罪所得沒收淨額原則替代價值之沒收扣押財產訴訟參加估價權限被害人參與分配程序
中文摘要: 在 2014 年的大統混油案判決引發爭議後,立法院火速通過食安法第 49 條之 1 之修正,將犯罪所得沒收擴大適用於第三人,增訂第三人程序保障規定及授權行政院制訂推估計價辦法。此一規定自此集結了犯罪所得沒收的實體法與程序法面向,可謂現行犯罪所得沒收制度的縮影,值得作全面性的立法檢討。根據本文的研究結果,我國立法者必須精確化第三人犯罪所得沒收的要件、明確採取淨額原則、將追徵抵償轉型為補充性的沒收宣告型態、健全扣押財產之實體與程序要件、擴大被沒收之第三人的訴訟參加權限、增訂法官對犯罪所得價額與範圍之估價權限、建構刑事執行階段之被害人參與分配程序。整體而言,在正視現行法規範結構缺陷的前提下,通盤改革犯罪所得沒收制度,已是刑事政策上迫在眉睫之事。
英文關鍵詞: criminal proceeds comfiscationthe principle of net amountsequestrate succedaneumseizure of propertyinterventionthe authority of evaluationvictim participates in distribution procedure
英文摘要: After the 2014 judgment in the case of Datong Company‘s mixed oil, which provoked controversy, the Legislature amended Article 49-1 of the Act Governing Food Safety and Sanitation (AGFSS) immediately, the confiscation of crime proceeds now extend its force to cover the third party’s property. The amendment also includes procedural safeguards for the third party (such as the consumer), and authorized the Executive Yuan to formulate rules for evaluating the crime proceeds. Article 49-1 assembled both substantive and procedural law of the confiscation of crime proceeds, which can be described as a microcosm of the current forfeiture system, it is worth to make a comprehensive review of legislation. This study submit the following suggestion to the current legislation: first, legislators shall define the element of a third party when confiscating crime proceeds. Second, adopt the principle of net amount directly. Third, transform requisition and compensation of crime proceeds into supplementary sequestration. Fourth, delete penalty provisions. Fifth, enhance the completeness of procedural and material elements of forfeiture. Sixth, granting rights to the third party, whose property was been sequestrated, to participate in the proceedings. Seventh, authorize the judge to evaluate the amount and the range of the crime proceeds. Eighth, construct the distribution procedure for criminal victim to participate in the implementation stage. Overall, the existing legal norms have serious structural defects, a full-scale reform of confiscating crime proceeds is an imminent issue of criminal policy.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、食安犯罪所得沒收之實體要件
一、食安犯罪之犯罪所得
二、第三人之犯罪所得射程
三、沒收範圍
四、替代價值沒收:追徵價額及財產抵償
參、食安犯罪所得沒收之程序建構
一、保全替代價值沒收之扣押財產
二、第三人犯罪所得之沒收程序
三、犯罪所得之估價權限
肆、結語:對建構犯罪所得沒收制度的啟示
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