法學期刊.
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論著名稱: 適時審判請求權於民事程序上之侵害與救濟-試論民事法院遲延審判之國家賠償責任(The Infringement of the Right to Trial within a Reasonable Time and Its Remedy: On State Liability for the Excessive Length of Civil Proceedings)
編著譯者: 陳瑋佑
出版日期: 2018.03
刊登出處: 台灣/中研院法學期刊第 22 期 /143-202 頁
頁  數: 39 點閱次數: 1614
下載點數: 156 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 陳瑋佑
關 鍵 詞: 適時審判請求權基本權侵害之救濟司法不法之國家(賠償)責任審判法官特權歐洲人權公約第 6 條第 1 項
中文摘要: 適時審判請求權作為憲法所保障之程序基本權的內涵之一,我國實務、學說咸認其侵害應予以救濟。然而,相對於實體基本權的侵害必須被確保接近使用法院之機會,於法院未尊重程序基本權的情形,當事人是否亦能主張該項權利,不無疑問。如肯定之,由於適時審判請求權受侵害一事,原則上並不生影響於裁判之正確性,且已經產生的遲延結果亦無法透過重新、迅速之審判加以矯正,故可能的救濟途徑只有事前的預防與事後的彌補機制。在此基礎上,必須探討我國民事程序法是否及如何藉由不作為抗告制度之承認、我國國家賠償法之解釋適用,而能有效救濟法院審判之遲延。鑑於基本人權的普世性,本文乃主要借鏡歐洲人權法院就歐洲人權公約第 6 條第 1 項的應用及德國法上就法院遲延審判的國家責任之發展,試論我國法解釋論上的應有之道。
英文關鍵詞: right to trial within a reasonable period of timeprocedural rights remediesstate liability for defective judicial servicejudicial privilegeArticle 6 I of the European Convention of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms(ECHR)
英文摘要: As a human right, the fundamental procedural right guarantees that the parties are entitled to a final decision within a reasonable period of time, which is also derived from a constitutional requirement based on the rule of law. This assertion corresponds also to regulations of international public law, such as Art. 6 I of the European Convention of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms or Art. 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. There is no doubt that the infringement of this right, as international agreements confirm, should give rise to an effective remedy, despite the fact that the actor violating the time requirement exercisesjudicial power and therefore demands more or less a differentiated treatment regarding the need for independence. However, differing from other kinds of breaches of procedural rights, an effective remedy for the excessive length of proceedings, by its nature, can only be sought in prevention during pending processes or be monetarily compensated ex post. As a result, with respect of Taiwanese civil procedural law, it should be studied whether and how a complaint of failure to act functions and to what extent the State Compensation Law serves the stated purpose. In view of the universality of human rights protection, this article follows a comparative approach, paying particular attention to the case law of the European Court of Human Rights and the evolution of German state liability law. It aims to provide guidelines for the interpretation of related Taiwanese law.
目  次: 壹、導論
一、程序基本權概論
二、問題之提出:適時審判請求權之侵害與救濟
貳、法院遲延審判的救濟必要性及其手段
一、訴訟權就法院侵害程序基本權之防衛機能
二、法院遲延審判的程序上救濟可能
三、法院遲延審判的國家賠償責任與審判法官特權
參、國家賠償責任因法院遲延審判之成立與效果
一、法院就當事人適時審判請求權的不法侵害
二、法院審判遲延的可歸責性
三、法院審判遲延的損害賠償
四、法院遲延審判之國家賠償責任的請求程序
肆、結論
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