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論著名稱:
通過法治而來的和平-論 Hans Kelsen 的和平正義理論(Peace Through Rule of Law-Comment on Hans Kelsen's Theory of Peaceful Justice)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 鍾芳樺
出版日期: 2018.09
刊登出處: 台灣/法令月刊第 69 卷 第 9 期/106-125 頁
頁  數: 18 點閱次數: 1459
下載點數: 72 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 鍾芳樺
關 鍵 詞: 和平正義和平正義實證法秩序法治理想民主
中文摘要: 維護和平是現代國家重要的國家任務。本文想探討知名法學家 Hans Kelsen 所提出的和平正義理論,分析他所提出的通過法治追求和平的理論。
Hans Kelsen 的和平正義理論,立足於他的客觀認知主義與價值相對主義。Kelsen 基於這兩個觀點,批評了絕對的正義理論,進而主張一種相對的正義論:也就是為了維護所有不同價值觀者的共存,社會必須維護和平。進一步 Kelsen 指出,此一和平理想,只能透過合乎法治理念的實證法秩序而達成。此一實證法秩序,在內國法層面,要求以民主妥協來制定之實證法,在國際法層面,則是由國際法院主導的國際實證法秩序。Kelsen 認為,經由合乎法治理念實證法秩序,才能真正的維護和平。
英文關鍵詞: PeaceJusticePeaceful JusticePositive Legal Orderthe Ideal of Rule of LawDemocracy
英文摘要: It is one of the most important tasks of modern state to maintain the peaceful order in the state. Hans Kelsen, the so-called “Jurist of 20th Century”, constructs the theory of Justice from the idea of Peace. This article wants to explore his theory of Justice from the idea of peace, and analyzes how his theory pursues peace through the ideal of rule of law.
Hans Kelsen’s peaceful justice theory is based on his objective cognitivism and value relativism. Kelsen criticizes the theory of absolute justice based on these two viewpoints, which are respectively from epistemology and value theory, and then advocates a relative theory of justice: that is, in order to maintain the coexistence of all the different values, society must be governed by positive law. Kelsen further pointed out that this ideal of peace can only be achieved through a positive law order that is consistent with the ideal of the rule of law. This positive law order, at the level of domestic law, requires the legislative process based on democratic compromise. At the level of international law, it is an international positive law order dominated by the international judiciary. Kelsen believes that peace can be truly maintained through an positive legal order based on the idea of the rule of law.
目  次: 壹、前言:法治與和平-和平成為重要的國家任務
貳、和平正義:由認知論上的客觀認知主義與價值論上的價值相對主義得出
參、和平正義的共存之道:合乎法治理想的實證法秩序
肆、結論:對 Kelsen 和平正義理論的評價
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相關論著:
鍾芳樺,通過法治而來的和平-論 Hans Kelsen 的和平正義理論,法令月刊,第 69 卷 第 9 期,106-125 頁,2018年09月。
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