法學期刊.
  • 社群分享
論著名稱: 臺灣民法上之情事變更原則(The Principle of Change of Circumstances in Taiwan Civil Law)
編著譯者: 葉啟洲
出版日期: 2018.12
刊登出處: 台灣/月旦民商法雜誌第 62 期 /50-71 頁
頁  數: 18 點閱次數: 343
下載點數: 72 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 葉啟洲
關 鍵 詞: 公共秩序善良風俗公序良俗概括條款暴利行為
中文摘要: 臺灣民法第 227 條之 2 的情事變更原則是誠信原則之下位概念之一。學說、實務對其所為之解釋適用均採取較為嚴格之立場,避免過度干預私法自治。值得注意者,在當事人間約定有排除情事變更的條款時,若風險之發生及變動程度顯然逾越當事人訂約之認知基礎或環境時,法院仍可能適用情事變更原則。重新協商義務之引進,可以使契約正義與私法自治間取得平衡點。情事變更原則之形成權的除斥期間,民法漏未規定,短期內得以類推適用民法其他有關權利行使期間之相關規定,惟長期而言,仍應以儘速增訂形成權之除斥期間才是最適當的解決之道。
英文關鍵詞: Public Order and Good MoralsSocial OrderGeneral ProvisionsLegal Profiteering ConductPrinciple of Change of CircumstancesPrinciple of Good Faith
英文摘要: The principle of change of circumstances in Article 227-2 of the Taiwan Civil Law is one of the specific concepts under the principle of good faith. It involves when the situation of the contract is changed dramatically, and the performance of the deal will lead to unfairness or harmful to one party. From the above Taiwan judiciary development, the court adopted a stricter attitude towards the interpretation of this principle to avoid violating the autonomy of private law. As a matter of fact, if there is an exclusion clause, regarding the change of circumstances, the court may still apply the principle of change of circumstances to solve the case. By using the Obligation of Re-negotiation, the contracting parties can have a chance to re-negotiate and strike a balance between the two parties. However, the period of a right of formation is not laid down in civil law which makes the contracting parties into an unstable circumstance. In order to solve this problem, analogy similar rule can be a method. But in a long-term consideration, the best way is to draw up an article in civil law.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、情事變更原則之意義
參、情事變更原則的構成要件
肆、情事變更原則的法律效果
伍、結論公共秩序
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
    相關論著:
    返回功能列