法學期刊.
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論著名稱: 國際家事管轄法之比較研究-以未成年子女親權事件為中心(Comparative Study on International Jurisdiction in Family Matters: Focusing on Parent and Child Matters)
編著譯者: 陳瑋佑
出版日期: 2019.09
刊登出處: 台灣/中研院法學期刊第 25 期 /205-284 頁
頁  數: 51 點閱次數: 1484
下載點數: 204 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 陳瑋佑
關 鍵 詞: 國際審判管轄兒童權利公約未成年子女最佳利益經常居所地不便利法庭原則國際誘綁子女
中文摘要: 對於我國實務上屢見不鮮之涉外家事事件,我國家事事件法僅就「婚姻訴訟事件」、「(養)親子訴訟事件」及「婚姻非訟事件」明文規定國際管轄權之判斷依據,而引發我國法院審判管轄其他家事訴訟、非訟事件之規範基礎何在、其規範內容為何之疑問。其中,就涉及酌定、改定、停止親權或會面交往、交付子女、給付扶養費事項之「未成年子女親權事件」及附隨於此類事件之「暫時處分事件」,應如何認定國際管轄權之有無,實務見解混亂不明,而亟待予以釐清。為此,本文乃一面論證家事事件法上土地管轄規定具有「二重機能性」,而得同時作為國際管轄之規定,一面參考比較法(即:德國法、歐盟法及海牙公約)上依循「未成年子女最佳利益」原則所制定之國際管轄規範,嘗試提出解釋家事事件法上對於「未成年子女親權事件」及其「暫時處分事件」所設國際管轄原因與行使相關國際管轄裁量權之基準。
英文關鍵詞: international jurisdictionConvention on the Rights of the Childbest interest of the childhabitual residenceforum non conveniensinternational child abduction
英文摘要: Family disputes with foreign elements occur nowadays relatively often. When the disputes turn into court proceedings, courts need to decide firstly whether they have international jurisdiction over these cases. Under the Taiwanese Family Act, however, there are only few explicit provisions concerning this issue, while a large part of family proceedings remain unregulated. Among the kinds of family matters which lack the legal bases for determining the international jurisdiction, it is unquestionable that “the procedure for matters concerning parent-child relations” is the most important one due to its huge practical relevance. For the purpose of resolving this problem adequately, this article argues that the provisions of territorial jurisdiction enjoy the so-called double functionality and can serve at the same time as international jurisdictional rules. Following this theory, it further tries to provide a guideline for interpreting the international jurisdictional connecting factors, which the legislature chose with regard to “the procedure for matters concerning parent-child relations”, and for using the discretionary power of transfering cases to other court. The formulation of the guideline benefits from a comparative study especially on Brussels IIa Regulation.
目  次: 壹、序論
一、國際家事管轄法之基本課題
二、問題之提出:涉外「未成年子女親權事件」之國際管轄權
貳、比較法之觀察
一、德國家事及非訟法
二、布魯塞爾第二規則-兼及海牙兒童保護公約
三、小結
參、我國法之規範與解釋
一、我國家事事件法上土地管轄規定之「二重機能性」
二、國際管轄原因
三、國際管轄裁量權
四、國際誘綁子女情事之特別考量
肆、結論
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