法學期刊
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論著名稱: 當科技偵查駭入語音助理-刑事訴訟準備好了嗎?(As the Technology Crime Investigation Hacks into Voice Assistant: Is the Criminal Proceeding Ready to Get It?)
編著譯者: 王士帆
出版日期: 2019.12
刊登出處: 台灣/臺北大學法學論叢第 112 期 /191-242 頁
頁  數: 52 點閱次數: 596
下載點數: 208 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 國立臺北大學法律學院 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 線上搜索來源端電信監察科技偵查德國刑事訴訟法語音助理
中文摘要: 當偵查機關駭入家庭智慧音箱或電腦,一網打盡所有資料,個人隱私權還剩什麼呢?德國正面臨科技偵查與人權保障之挑戰。德國刑事訴訟法 2017 年 8 月 24 日生效的線上搜索(Online-Durchsuchung)規定,允許偵查機關秘密植入木馬程式,監控個人電腦。線上搜索似乎是科技偵查不可逆轉的趨勢,與其放任實務濫用線上搜索,不如將之納入法律規範,並思考提升法治國的準備對策,正面迎接國家木馬時代。就我國法未來展望而言,人權保障全面升級是引進線上搜索的絕對必要配套。惟縱使線上搜索最終命運是不見容於法治國,仍應思考「來源端電信監察」(Quellen-Telekommunikationsüberwachung)之立法必要性。來源端電信監察在國際比較法例實踐上,是大勢所趨的一種新興科技干預之授權基礎,德語區國家近年相繼通過此秘密監察措施。基於法律保留原則之要求,我國追訴機關需要傳統電信監察以外之干預授權基礎,始得執行來源端電信監察。
英文關鍵詞: Online Search (Online-Durchsuchung)Source Internet Phone Tapping (Quellen-Telekommunikationsüberwachung)Technology Crime Investigationthe German Code of Criminal ProcedureVoice Assistant
英文摘要: What is left of personal privacy when investigative agencies hack into and steal every bit of data from a home smart speaker or computer? Germany is now contemplating the effects of technological investigations on the protection of human rights protection. Effective from August, 24, 2017, an amendment to the German Criminal Code of Procedure on Online Searches (Online-Durchsuchung) has allowed investigative agencies to monitor personal computers through the secret installment of Trojan viruses. Online searches seem to have become an irreversible trend in technological investigations. Instead of leaving the practice open to be abused, it is advisable to enact regulations and contemplate corresponding policies that enhance the rule of law (Rechtsstaat), and positively usher in an era of state-operated Trojans. Considering the future prospects of our nation’s laws, a full-scale upgrading of human rights protection is an indispensable complement to the introduction of online searches. Even if online searches are eventually determined to be incompatible with rule of law, the necessity of enacting laws concerning „Source Internet Phone Tapping“ (Quellen-Telekommunikationsüberwachung) should still be considered. Source Internet Phone Tapping is an emerging technological intervention prevalent in countries worldwide. Such a secret surveillance measure has been adopted by an increasing number of German-speaking countries in recent years. Based on requirements outlined by the principle of legal reservations, investigative agencies in our nation should need to acquire special authorization to conduct Source Internet Phone Tapping outside of those required for traditional telecommunications surveillance.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、德國線上搜索規範架構
一、立法背景
二、發動之干預要件
(一)存取範圍
(二)列舉重罪原則與補充性條款
(三)受干預人
(四)技術擔保與書面紀錄義務
三、線上搜索之程序規定
四、取證限制
五、通知義務與年度統計報告
(一)通知義務
(二)年度統計報告
參、迎接國家木馬的法治國準備
一、人權干預定性-全面秘密監視
二、人權保障密度全面升級
(一)技術擔保
(二)加重法官保留
(三)證據取得禁止與證據使用禁止
三、「來源端電信監察」之立法必要性
(一)來源端電信監察技術
(二)德國新法
(三)技術擔保
肆、結論
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