法學期刊
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論著名稱: 美容醫學淨膚雷射案:避免可能性理論與風險升高理論於刑事醫療過失案件之適用(Aesthetic Medicine Toning Laser Case: An Analysis of Theories of Probability to Prevent a Prohibited Result and Heightened Risk of Prohibited Result in Criminal Medical Negligence Cases)
編著譯者: 蔡蕙芳
出版日期: 2019.11
刊登出處: 台灣/月旦醫事法報告第 37 期 /79-97 頁
頁  數: 12 點閱次數: 479
下載點數: 48 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 蔡蕙芳
關 鍵 詞: 注意義務違反關聯性風險升高理論客觀歸責理論雷射除斑避免可能性理論(合法替代行為)
中文摘要: 本件判決適用客觀歸責理論,認為被告施打雷射除斑之方式雖與醫療常規不盡相符,並導致告訴人右臉受有第一至第二度燒灼傷之傷害結果,但此結果之發生客觀上不可歸責於被告。更精確的說,此為德國客觀歸責理論中之避免可能性理論(或稱合法替代行為)之適用。避免可能性理論雖為德國通說,另一風險升高理論也受到許多學者之支持。本文首先討論過失致傷或致死罪之成立要件,接著略為深入介紹前述兩種理論在決定注意義務違反關聯性要件上之重要性,最後探討於醫療疏失刑事責任追究上,適用何種理論較為適當。
英文關鍵詞: breach of duty of caretheory of heightened risk of prohibited resulttheory of objective imputation theorylaser spot removaltheory of probability to prevent a prohibited result (i.e. lawful alternative behavior)
英文摘要: In applying the objective imputation theory, the court held that although the defendant violated the standard operating procedures for laser treatments to remove dark spots on the right face of the complainant and caused bodily harm classified as the first and second-degree burn, the result cannot be objectively imputable to the defendant. More precisely, the viewpoint taken by the court is derived from the theory of probability to prevent a prohibited result (i.e. lawful alternative behavior). This comment first discusses the element of criminal negligence offense causing bodily harm and death, and then reviews the theory of probability to prevent a prohibited result and the theory of heightened risk of prohibited result in deciding the element of breach of duty of care. Finally, this comment will assess which one can provide a more acceptable solution for criminal medical negligence cases.
目  次: 壹、案件概述
一、案件事實
二、專家意見
三、判決理由
(一)第一審判決
(二)本件判決(第二審)
貳、判決評析
一、實務上過失犯成立要件
二、德國相關理論
(一)避免可能性理論
(二)風險升高理論
(三)注意規範保護目的觀點
三、本文見解
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