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論著名稱: 從醫事人員限制出境禁令論紓困條例的憲法爭議(The Triumph of Human Rights? The Constitutional Controversies of Travel Restrictions on Medical Personnel)
編著譯者: 洪國華
出版日期: 2020.06
刊登出處: 台灣/月旦醫事法報告第 44 期 /53-63 頁
頁  數: 7 點閱次數: 812
下載點數: 28 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 洪國華
關 鍵 詞: 比例原則授權明確性緊急命令憲法基本權嚴重特殊傳染性肺炎
中文摘要: 嚴重特殊傳染性肺炎於今年造成世界大流行的災情,也讓防疫成績斐然的臺灣,成為歐美各國眼中的防疫典範。然包含 2 月份實施的醫事人員出境禁令在內,臺灣諸多防疫政策仍有侵害人民原本受憲法保障的基本權之嫌疑,相關政策不僅溯及既往,且於授權明確性、比例原則的必要性上,均有違憲的可能。就其不足之部分,理當應由總統頒布緊急命令,或以立法院盡速修改作為法源的「嚴重特殊傳染性肺炎防治及紓困振興特別條例」為補足,否則儘管在防疫上獲得了成功,卻難謂能兼顧人權之保障。
英文關鍵詞: principle of proportionalityprinciple of clarityemergency decreesfundamental rightssevere pneumonia with novel pathogens, COVID-19
英文摘要: The spread of severe pneumonia with novel pathogens (COVID-19) causes worldwide casualties this year, and Taiwan’s success in epidemic prevention has made her a model in the eyes of the occidental countries. However, many of Taiwan’s epidemic prevention measures, including the travel restrictions on medical personnel put in practice in February, are controversial in terms of human rights. These policies are retrospective, and suspicious of unconstitutionality in contravening the principle of clarity and the principle of proportionality. To make up for its deficiency, it is necessary for the President to issue emergency decrees or the Legislative Yuan to revise the Special Act with all despatch, lest we win the war against the epidemic but fail to strike a balance with protecting human rights.
目  次: 壹、引言
貳、醫事人員出境禁令的法源依據
一、醫療法第 27 條與醫師法第 24 條
二、紓困條例第 7 條
三、小結:徒法不足以自行的解決方法
參、醫事人員出境禁令的憲法基本權爭議
一、侵害人民居住遷徙自由
二、為何一律限制出境,不能採取事後居家隔離?
三、不應僅針對於醫院服務的醫事人員
四、小結:緊急命令或修法可否解決違憲爭議?
肆、結語:臺灣真的贏過歐美了嗎?
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