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論著名稱: 醫師未得法定代理人同意對未成年人施行人工流產手術應否負損害賠償責任?(Should the Physician Take the Responsibility of Compensation Because of Taking an Artificial Abortion to Juveniles without the Agreement of the Legal Agent?)
編著譯者: 湯文章
出版日期: 2017.09
刊登出處: 台灣/月旦醫事法報告第 11 期 /121-128 頁
頁  數: 5 點閱次數: 98
下載點數: 20 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 湯文章
關 鍵 詞: 人工流產人格權未成年懷孕
中文摘要: 基於保護胎兒生命權之立場,胎兒脫離母體後如已可獨立生存,除非懷孕後期才發現胎兒有醫學上無法治癒之嚴重殘疾或畸型,否則即應否定懷孕婦女之生育決定權。另醫師若無法取得法定代理人對於未成年人施行人工流產手術之同意,此時應由法院以裁定取代其同意,且此同意權之欠缺,並不構成民法第 195 條第 1 項、第 3 項人格權及身分法益之侵害。
英文關鍵詞: artificial abortionpersonality rightjuvenile pregnancy
英文摘要: Pregnant women have no decision right to procreate on the ground of protecting the right of living for the fetus, when the fetus can survive without the mother’s body by itself, unless the fetus has a serious physical disability and deformity, which are medically incurable and discovered during the late pregnancy. Furthermore, the physician should have a court decision, before taking an artificial abortion to juveniles without the agreement of the legal agent. Without this agreement, the abortion shall not be the infringement on the personality right and the right of relationships according to paragraph 195 section 1 and 3 Civil Law.
目  次: 壹、案例
貳、爭點
參、解析
 一、甲女施行人工流產手術,是否應取得丙父同意?
  (一)意思自主權與胎兒生命權孰重?
  (二)意思自主權與監護權孰重?
 二、乙醫師未取得丙父同意而幫甲女施行人工流產手術,侵害丙父何種法律上之權利或利益?
  (一)丙父對甲女有何身分法益?
  (二)乙醫師有何賠償責任?
 三、結論
肆、延伸閱讀
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