法學期刊
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論著名稱: 公共衛生緊急狀態與行政法上的例外法制(The State of Emergency in Public Health and the Exceptional Regulations in Administrative Law)
編著譯者: 黃源浩
出版日期: 2021.04
刊登出處: 台灣/月旦醫事法報告第 54 期 /49-59 頁
頁  數: 7 點閱次數: 1022
下載點數: 28 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 黃源浩
關 鍵 詞: 行政裁量行政權依法行政緊急狀態
中文摘要: 新型特殊冠狀肺炎或所謂嚴重特殊傳染性肺炎病毒的傳播,在法律制度中所造成的衝擊全面且難以應對。行政法制對於緊急狀態雖設有一般性原理原則,但基本上均係存在於個別之行政案件中。同時憲法緊急命令制度,仍繫諸於決定權者的政治判斷。因此在行政法總論與公共衛生法制上,面對疫情的緊急狀態,勢必給予行政機關權宜作為之空間,且解釋上應予以放寬。同時為避免濫權,應定期檢驗其有效性及合理性;行政機關之權宜作為時,亦應當有專業人士的合意決策。
英文關鍵詞: administrative discretionexecutiveadministration according to lawstate of emergency
英文摘要: It is a great shock to the legal system by COVID-19 or the spread of so-called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, which made it hard to react. Even though there might be some general principles for emergency in the Administrative Law, they belong to individual administrative cases. Moreover, the regulation for emergency in Constitution depends on the political decision of the decision-maker. Therefore, it is necessary to give the administrative agencies the possibility for the discretion in the field of the general theory of Administrative Law and of Public Health concerning to emergency due to the pandemic. The review of the norm-interpretating should be loose as well. Meanwhile, in order to avoid abusing rights, an regular examination on its validity and rationality should also be performed. Besides, administrative discretion should be made from the consensus decision by specialists.
目  次: 壹、緒論:問題之提出
貳、例外的緊急狀態作為行政法制的一般性原理
一、概說:緊急時不知法律
二、行政權力所面臨的例外緊急狀態
三、行政權力在例外狀態中所面對的困境
四、小結:「情理之中、意料之外」的制度困境
參、因應衝擊的法制調整原則
一、概說:法治國家未曾面對的例外疫病類型
二、行政機關權宜作為之空間
三、避免緊急狀態權限受到濫用的風險
四、小結
肆、結論
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