法學期刊
論著名稱: 臺灣醫院長者友善照護模式之發展與現況初探
編著譯者: 胡芳文王英偉李佳綺岳芳如羅玉岱吳建遠王麗娟鍾遠芳沈珊妤陳宜君黃基彰林岱嬋張家銘
出版日期: 2020.11
刊登出處: 台灣/醫療品質雜誌第 14 卷 第 6 期 /20-26 頁
頁  數: 7 點閱次數: 46
下載點數: 28 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 財團法人醫院評鑑暨醫療品質策進會 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 高齡醫院長者友善照護
中文摘要: 目的:本研究使用經由文獻查證與專家會議所發展之「醫院推動長者友善照護模式檢核表」,來調查臺灣醫院提供長者友善照護模式之現況,以期提供未來長者友善照護政策推動之參考。
方法:以 2019 年至 2020 年參加國民健康署「建構延緩失能之長者友善照護模式試辦計畫」之醫院為對象,分別針對急診、住院與門診端,發放醫院推動長者友善照護模式檢核表,進行資料收集及分析。
結果:總計 36 家醫院參與 50 個試辦計畫,急診、住院與門診端檢核表指標達成率為 65.3-97.1%。門診端計畫於「在擬定照護計畫時,有納入公告預防性檢查與討論」及「預立醫療照護諮商之討論」達成率較低(47.8%)。急診端計畫於「訂定照護目標時,將長者的存活餘命、功能狀態、認知功能與生活品質納入考量」達成率僅有28.6%。住院端計畫則在成效指標「減少住院譫妄發生率」與「減少帶尿管出院比率」達成率較低(37.5%)。
結論:臺灣醫院長者友善照護模式仍處於發展階段,在過程與結果面達成率較差。不論在急診、門診或住院端,針對照護計畫的擬定達成率皆較低,可能仍習慣於單一疾病為主的醫療照護模式,非處理長者多重慢性病況交錯的健康問題來制定照護計畫,未來建議除強化醫院流程制定以協助執行長者友善照護模式,另亟需提供醫療專業人員高齡照護相關教育訓練,以系統性全面落實醫院長者友善照護模式。
英文關鍵詞: elderlyhospitalage-friendly health care
英文摘要: Objective: We investigated the current practice of age-friendly health care in Taiwanese hospitals using selfdeveloped checklists that incorporated data obtained from a literature review of recent studies and several expert meetings.
Methods: In this cross-sectional exploratory research, we used the “Checklists for Promoting Acute Care in Older Adults,” designed for emergency, inpatient, and outpatient services to conduct a survey. We surveyed hospitals that participated in a pilot program initiated by the Health Promotion Administration from 2019 to 2020 for promoting age-friendly health care and preventing disability among older adults. Data were collected, and descriptive analyses were performed.
Results: A total of 36 hospitals participated the pilot program, with 50 subprograms (23 outpatient, 20 inpatients and 7 emergency programs). The overall achievement rates were 65.3%–97.1% among the indicators in the checklists for various clinical settings. Several items had low achievement rates. For example, the achievement rates for “while developing care plans, take preventive examinations and discussions into consideration” and “advance care planning discussion” were 47.8% for outpatient services, and that of “while setting care goals, take survival, functional status, cognitive function, and quality of life into consideration” was only 28.6% for emergency services. For inpatient services, the achievement rates of “reducing the incidence of delirium” and “reducing the prevalence of urinary catheter placement at discharge” were 37.5%.
Conclusion: In Taiwan, the age-friendly health care model in hospitals is in the developmental stage, and the achievement rate is low in terms of process indicators and outcome indicators, including the development of holistic care plans. Our results implied that hospitals may still be accustomed to a single disease–based medical care model, despite the fact that older patients with multiple comorbidities require integrated and comprehensive care. Hospitals wishing to engage systematically in the age-friendly health care model should focus on strengthening their implementation processes and proactively providing medical professionals with education and training regarding geriatric medicine.
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