法學期刊.
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論著名稱: 論行政調查於建築法規中之適用(A Study on the Application of Administrative Investigations of Building Legislation)
編著譯者: 洪家殷
出版日期: 2021.01
刊登出處: 台灣/法學叢刊第 66 卷 第 1 期 /1-37 頁
頁  數: 37 點閱次數: 360
下載點數: 148 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 洪家殷
關 鍵 詞: 行政調查建築法規建築法上之行政調查現場勘驗建築師簽證鑑定行政與技術分立
中文摘要: 我國建築法之訂定,依第 1 條之規定,係以「維護公共安全、公共交通、公共衛生及增進市容觀瞻」等為其立法目的。主管建築機關為實現該法之立法目的,必須從事各種建築管理行為,並隨著不同階段之進展,作成不同之決定。而主管機關在作成各種決定前,皆須先確認是否有法規所規定事實之存在。因此,主管機關基於釐清事實之需要,所採取之各種資料蒐集行為,即屬建築法上之行政調查行為。主管機關此種調查行為能否確實進行,以蒐集到必要之證據,對最終之決定影響甚大。因此,現行建築法規中有關行政調查之規定是否完善,足以承擔行政調查之規範需求?即為本文探討之重點。本文擬就建築法規中,涉及行政調查之事項,進行全盤性之檢視。主要在於確立建築法上行政調查之概念並釐清其與行政程序法、行政罰法之關係;進而就建築法規中行政調查之主體及人員、建築法規中行政調查之主要類型探討之;然後針對建築法規中與行政調查有關之其他事項,如行政調查程序之開始、結束及進行,行政調查手段之強制性需求,以及對行政調查之權利保護及救濟途徑等分別析論之;再整理討論法院有關當事人規避檢查行為受到處罰之裁判,以了解法院之態度;最終則綜整前述之檢討,並提出個人之改進建議及立法上之修正,期有助於我國在建築法規中有關行政調查法制之完善。

英文關鍵詞: Administrative InvestigationsBuilding LegislationAdministrative Investigations of Building LegislationSite SurveyArchitect VerificationExaminationSeparation of Administration and Technic
英文摘要: The legislation of the Building Act, in accordance with Article 1, is to “maintain the public security, traffic and health, and to improve the appearance of cities.” To achieve the objectives, the competent authorities must implement various building managing acts and make decisions in line with the stages of progresses. Prior to decision-making, the competent authorities must confirm the existence of the statute-regulated facts. Therefore, the acts conducted by the competent authorities to clarify facts and collect data are defined as administrative investigation acts of the Building Act. Whether such administrative investigations could be authentically conducted by the competent authorities to gather necessary evidences is crucial for the final decisions. Accordingly, this article primarily focuses on whether the regulations of building legislation are complete enough to satisfy the requirements of regulation. The article does a comprehensive review on the matters involving administrative investigations of building legislation. It aims to establish the concept of administrative investigations of building legislation and clarify its relationship with Administrative Procedure Act and Administrative Penalty Act. Furthermore, it discusses the subjects and personnel, as well as the major types, of administrative investigations of building legislation. Then, it analyses other matters of administrative investigations of building legislation, such as its beginning, ending, and processing, the need of coercive measures, as well as related right protection and methods of remedies. Also, it reviews the courts’ judgements on which the defendants had evaded from being investigated to present the courts’ attitude. Finally, the previous discussions are integrated and the author’s personal suggestions to amending legislation in force are provided to optimize the administrative investigation of building legislation.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、行政調查之基本概念
參、建築法之規範及管制
肆、建築法上行政調查之概念及其與行政程序法、行政罰法之關係
伍、建築法規中行政調查之主體及人員
陸、建築法規中行政調查之主要類型
柒、建築法規中與行政調查有關之其他事項
捌、行政法院有關當事人規避檢查行為受到處罰之裁判
玖、建築法規有關行政調查之檢討與建議
拾、結論
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