法學期刊
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論著名稱:
Static-99 之再認識與靜態廿廿量表之轉置(Recognition of the Static-99 and Transposition of the Static-2020TW Scale)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 林順昌
出版日期: 2021.08
刊登出處: 台灣/刑事政策與犯罪防治研究專刊第 29 期/45-92 頁
頁  數: 48 (授權者不收取權利金) 點閱次數: 542
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授 權 者: 法務部司法官學院 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 靜態廿廿靜態九九性犯罪社區矯治假釋
中文摘要: Static-99 自 1999 年問世以來,廣受國際青睞,臺灣亦在十幾年前就引進刑事司法系統,運用於矯政、社政、醫政及警政領域,對成人性罪犯再犯風險等級的評估。惟現行 Static-99 轉置臺灣版本之「靜態九九量表」,對於子題意義採取英文直譯之方式,對評分準則之說明郭公夏五,亦忽略英美法系國家與臺灣法規之南轅北轍,故近年就性罪犯社區矯治的實務觀察,多數評估幾成郢書燕說。復以 Static-99 修正多次,國內迄未與時俱進調整版本,洵非允當。作者透過追蹤 2015 至 2017 年桃園地檢署終結之性侵害受保護管束案件,經由簡易統計及刑案調查結果,亦驗證目前實務界對於性罪犯再犯危險之評估魯魚亥豕,屢見性評計分普遍輕忽之現象,有關假釋審查亦隨之降低門檻,後續的社區矯治措施連帶迭生矛盾,莫不斲傷司法專業。鑑此,本文回溯 Static-99 操作準則之原意,並就其 2019 年之最新修正版本,提出轉置本土「靜態廿廿量表」之構想,提供矯政、社政、醫政及警政實務參考,期許改良國內相關機構對於成人性罪犯再犯風險評估之專業。
英文關鍵詞: Static-2020TWStatic-99Sexual CrimeCommunity CorrectionsParole
英文摘要: Since that the Static-99 repeat risk assessment scale for adult male sexual offenders had established in 1999, it has been widely favored by the international community. And Taiwan introduced it into the criminal justice system more than a decade ago to assess the risk of recidivism for adult sex offenders. However, as far as practical observations are concerned, the current Static-99 transposed Taiwanese version is a literal translation of the meaning of the sub-topics in English, and ignoring the differences between Common Law System with Taiwanese regulations. It’s too brief in the description of the scoring criteria. Moreover, Static-99 has been revised many times, but the Taiwanese version has not been adjusted with the times, leading to many errors in the evaluation results.
Therefore, the author traced the cases of sexual assault that ended from 2015 to 2017, through summary statistics and criminal investigation results, to verify that the current practice field generally neglects the assessment of the risk of recurring sex offenders. Than and the relevant parole review is also lower the threshold, follow-up community corrective measures also produce contradictions. In view of these, this article goes back to the original intent of the Static-99 operating guidelines, and proposes the concept of transposing the “Static-2020TW” Scale based on the latest revised version of it in 2019 to provide a reference for Corrective Administration, Social Administration, Medical Administration and Police Administration. Moreover, I hope to improve the local profession of risk assessment for adult sex offenders.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、近期實務發現
參、Static-99 子題判讀準則
一、Age at release from index sex offence
二、Ever lived with a lover
三、Index non-sexual violence
四、Prior non-sexual violence
五、Prior sex offences
六、Four or more prior sentencing dates
七、Any convictions for non-contact sex offences
八、Any unrelated victims
九、Any stranger victims
十、Any male victims
肆、Static-99 轉置靜態廿廿量表之判讀
伍、結語
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
林順昌,Static-99 之再認識與靜態廿廿量表之轉置,刑事政策與犯罪防治研究專刊,第 29 期,45-92 頁,2021年08月。
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