法學期刊.
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論著名稱: 域外公文書之證據能力
編著譯者: 張明偉
出版日期: 2021.09
刊登出處: 台灣/政大法學評論第 166 期 /91-136 頁
頁  數: 26 點閱次數: 224
下載點數: 104 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 張明偉
關 鍵 詞: 證據能力域外公文書傳聞對質公務員
中文摘要: 刑事訴訟法第 159 條第 1 項:「被告以外之人於審判外之言詞或書面陳述,除法律有規定者外,不得作為證據。」因最高法院 107 年度第 1 次刑事庭會議決議肯認域外警察所製作之筆錄具證據能力,關於域外非警察作成公文書之證據能力基礎為何,因法未明文,即有探討之必要。本文於介紹我國實務發展與美國法制後,主張應以積極存在特別可信情狀作為域外公文書之證據能力基礎。此外,未於境外取證程序中保障被告對質權之我國現行傳聞法制,亦存在違反正當持續的疑慮。
英文關鍵詞: AdmissibilityForeign Public DocumentHearsayConfrontationPublic Official
英文摘要: Article 159, Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Procedure Code provides: "Unless otherwise provided by law, oral or written statements made out of trial by a person other than the accused, shall not be admitted as evidence.While the first Criminal Division Conference of the Supreme Court in 2018 concluded that police interrogation minutes made by foreign police officials is admissible, whether other public documents made by non-police officials is admissible deserves further discussion for the law provides nothing about it. After introducing the hearsay practices in Taiwan and the corresponding hearsay development in the United States, this study states that the admissibility of the foreign public documents bases upon the existence of the trustworthy circumstances while the documents were made. In addition, the current legal design of hearsay system in Taiwan might violate the due process as it does not guarantee the right to confront of the defendant while requesting the foreign government to obtain evidence abroad.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、我國法制
一、公務員職務上製作之公文書
二、依我國政府請求製作之域外公文書之證據能力
三、非依我國政府請求製作之域外公文書之證據能力
四、司法實務
參、美國聯邦證據規則之傳聞法則
一、概說
二、例行性活動記錄
三、公共記錄
肆、境外取證之證據能力比較與檢討
一、公務員與公文書
二、依司法互助條約與國際刑事司法互助法請求協助取證
三、傳聞法則
伍、結論
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