法學期刊.
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論著名稱: 防疫措施與人權保障(Epidemic Prevention Measures and Human Rights Protection)
編著譯者: 蔡震榮
出版日期: 2021.06
刊登出處: 台灣/玄奘法律學報第 35 期 /1-30 頁
頁  數: 19 點閱次數: 315
下載點數: 76 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 蔡震榮
關 鍵 詞: 嚴重肺炎防治特別條例疫情需要人權應變處置緊急處分權
中文摘要: 2019 年末,嚴重特殊傳染性肺炎(COVID19)在中國湖北省武漢市爆發,其後向全球擴散,目前已經波及全球地區,至今仍未結束,病毒並再產生變種如巴西、英國、印度 Delta、秘魯 Lambda 等病毒,以及最新變種 AY.4.2,傳播力與致死率不段攀升,導致全球死亡人數遽增,迄至目前為止疫情尚未結束。
為因應此疫情,我國制定通過了嚴重特殊傳染性肺炎防治及紓困振興特別條例以為因應。該條例於 110 年 5 月 31 日再修正與公布;該條例屬緊急性的臨時條例,但疫情卻未見終止,是否仍容許該條例繼續存在,或具應與傳染病防治法合併,回歸正軌。
本條例第 7 條規定不夠明確,缺乏法律明確性之要求;第 8 條有關資料傳遞法律規定也不明確,導致衛福部以及其他機關之濫用情形,值得討論。
另外,本條例之適用缺乏監督機關,雖本條例第 18 條規定,每三個月行政院有向立法院提出書面報告,但並無實質監督機制。
英文關鍵詞: Special Regulations on the Prevention and Control of Severe PneumoniaEpidemic NeedsHuman RightsEmergency ResponsePower of Emergency Action
英文摘要: At the end of 2019, the severe special infectious pneumonia (COVID19) disease broke out in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. It has now spread to the world and has not ended. The virus has also reproduced variants such as Brazil, the United Kingdom, Delta and India. Viruses such as Peru’s Lambda, as well as the latest variant AY.4.2, have seen a rapid increase in transmission and mortality, leading to a rapid increase in the number of deaths worldwide. The epidemic has not ended so far.
In response to this epidemic, China has formulated and passed special regulations on the prevention and treatment of severe and special infectious pneumonia and the revitalization of relief. The regulation was amended and promulgated on May 31, 110. The regulation is an emergency provisional regulation, but the epidemic situation has not ended. Is it permissible that this regulation must exist? Should it be merged with the Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Law to get back on track?
The provisions of Article 7 of this Regulation are clear and lack the requirements of legal clarity; Article 8 of the legal provisions on data transmission is also unclear, leading to abuse by the Ministry of Health and Welfare and other agencies, which is worth discussing.
In addition, the application of this Regulation lacks a supervisory authority. Only Article 18 of this Regulation provides that the Executive Yuan submits a written report to the Legislative Yuan every three months, and there is no substantive supervisory mechanism.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、嚴重肺炎防治特別條例合憲性之探討
一、嚴重肺炎防治特別條例與總統憲法上緊急處分權之比較
二、傳染病防治法與嚴重肺炎防治特別條例併存
參、嚴重肺炎防治特別條例法條本身合憲性之探討
一、本條例第 7 條規定是否符合法律明確性原則
二、嚴重肺炎防治特別條例第 7 條可否以緊急情況之例外,免受法律原則之拘束
三、防疫指揮中心的指揮官之權限
四、嚴重肺炎防治特別條例第 8 條資料蒐集涉及隱私權之問題
肆、防疫措施所涉及人權之探討
一、基本人權之保障
二、限制出入國境管制措施有關管轄爭議之問題
三、機關間資料傳遞之爭議
伍、結語
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