法學期刊.
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論著名稱: 論妨害合法集會遊行罪
編著譯者: 李錫棟
出版日期: 2020.10
刊登出處: 台灣/警學叢刊第 51 卷 第 2 期 /57-75 頁
頁  數: 19 點閱次數: 56
下載點數: 76 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 李錫棟
關 鍵 詞: 集會遊行集會自由強暴脅迫詐術強制
中文摘要: 集會遊行法第 5 條所保護的集會遊行,應僅限於集會遊行法第 2 條所指之集會遊行,但第 2 條的解釋性規定,其效力並不及於刑法,故刑法第 152 條所稱之集會,司法自得依解釋論自為適當之解釋,故非屬第 2 條所指之集會、遊行,仍有可能為刑法第 152 條所保護的客體。其次,依集遊法第 5 條用以妨害集會遊行的「其他非法方法」,在解釋上應限於與作為例示規定之強暴、脅迫性質相類似之行為。基此,行為人使用詐術,阻止或擾亂合法之集會,雖然構成刑法第 152 條之妨害合法集會罪,但不能構成集遊法第 5 條之妨害合法集會遊行罪。妨害合法集會遊行罪所保護者是著重在集體法益而非僅限於個人的自由法益,其與刑法第 304 條所保護的法益應屬不同,如以強暴脅迫妨害合法集會遊行理應分別成立妨害合法集會遊行罪與刑法第 304 條之強制罪,並依刑法第 55 條想像競合之規定,從一重罪之刑處斷。此外,妨害合法集會遊行罪除了以強暴、脅迫等方法妨害個人自由之外,也往往伴隨有公共秩序的妨害,其不法內涵相對於刑法第 304 條應認為具有更高的不法內涵,但是妨害合法集會遊行罪之法定刑比起刑法第 304 條之法定刑還來得低,似有罪刑不相當之嫌。
英文關鍵詞: Assembly and ParadeFreedom of AssemblyViolence and ThreatFraud
英文摘要: The assembly and parade protected under Article 5 of Assembly and Parade Act shall be limited to assembly and parade under Article 2 of Assembly and Parade Act. However, the interpretation provisions of Article 2 are not effective to Criminal Code of the Republic of China. Justice may interpret the assembly referred to Article 152 of Criminal Code of the Republic of China properly, and the assembly and parade not referred to Article 2 may still be the object protected by Article 152 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of China. Second, The “other illegal methods” used to obstruct assembly and parade according to Article 5 of Assembly and Parade Act shall be interpreted to be similar acts of violence and threat. As a result, fraud interferes with or disturbs a lawful assembly constitutes the crime of Offenses of Lawful Assembly under Article 152 of Criminal Code of the Republic of China, but does not constitute the crime of Offenses of Lawful Assembly and Parade under Article 5 of Assembly and Parade Act. Offenses of lawful assembly and parade protects the legal interests of society, not just individual interests of freedom. It should be different from the legal interest protected by Article 304 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of China. If violence is used to disturb a lawful assembly or parade, that Offenses of Lawful Assembly and Parade and Offenses Against Freedom of Article 304 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of China should be established separately, and in accordance with ideal concurrence of Article 55 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of China shall be punished by felony. Besides, Offenses of Lawful Assembly and Parade, in addition to obstructing individual freedom by violence, threat and other methods, it is often accompanied by obstruction of public order. Its illegal connotation should be considered to be higher than Article 304 of Criminal Code of the Republic of China. However, the punishment for Offenses of Lawful Assembly and Parade is lower than the punishment under Article 304 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of China. The punishment seems to be uneven.
目  次: 壹、憲法有關集會自由之保障
一、集會、遊行的概念
二、集會、遊行自由的範圍-合法的集會、遊行
貳、刑法所禁止之妨害集會遊行行為
一、強暴、脅迫
二、集會遊行法第 5 條所稱之「其他非法的方法」
三、刑法第 152 條所稱之「詐術」
參、「阻止或擾亂合法集會」與「妨害合法集會遊行」之性質
肆、與刑法第 304 條之關係
伍、結論
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