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論著名稱: 代孕契約糾紛案:代理孕母契約到底違反了什麼規定而無效?(Issue of Dispute Due to Surrogacy Contract: What Laws the Surrogacy Contracts Violate and Thus Make Them Invalid?)
編著譯者: 陳重陽
出版日期: 2022.03
刊登出處: 台灣/月旦醫事法報告第 65 期 /69-94 頁
頁  數: 16 點閱次數: 716
下載點數: 64 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 陳重陽
關 鍵 詞: 人工生殖公序良俗代孕契約代理孕母
中文摘要: 我國對於人工生殖法與代理孕母作脫鉤立法,數十年來已為多數,立法院業於 2020 年 5 月一讀通過人工生殖法修正案,增設「代孕生殖之施行」專章,但在尚未完成三讀之前,法院實務對於代理孕母契約在民事評價上,是否宜以一貫立場認定違反民法第 72 條公序良俗規定為無效,或應利用此一機會無論從實體法解釋論和程序法保障上,將公序良俗概念作出更貼近社會通念對於倫理性的具體理解,值得探討。
英文關鍵詞: Artificial Reproduction Actpublic order and moralitysurrogacy contractssurrogate mother
英文摘要: It has been the majority opinion in Taiwan for decades that the legislation for artificial reproduction should divided from the surrogate motherhood. The Legislative Yuan had passed in May 2020 the amendment to the Artificial Reproduction Act, adding a special chapter on the “The Implementation of the Surrogate Motherhood”. Before it goes through the Third Reading in the Legislative Yuan to complete the legislative procedure, it is still worth exploring whether it would be appropriate for the courts to take a consistent position on the civil evaluation for the surrogate motherhood contracts and consider them invalid for violating the public order and good morals according to paragraph 72 Civil Law, or whether they should take advantage of this opportunity to make the concept of public order and good morals more closely related to the general concept of ethics in the community, both in respect of the interpretation of the substantial law as well as the procedural law.
目  次: 壹、案件事實
貳、各審判決概要(以下簡稱本案)
 一、地方法院判決
 二、高等法院判決
參、判決評析
 一、刑事判決對於代理孕母契約的評價為何?
  (一)排除第 31 條適用說(居間介紹代理孕母行為不為罪)
  (二)居間具體行為說
  (三)居間抽象行為說
 二、民事法院對於代理孕母契約之評價為何?
  (一)代理孕母契約是否會違反民法第 71 條「禁止」規定而無效?
  (二)代理孕母契約是否違反民法第 72 條「公共秩序善良風俗」而無效?
肆、對代理孕母法制化期望-代結論
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